Himantura undulata

(Bleeker, 1852)

Leopard whipray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae

Reference of the original description
Bleeker, P. (1852)
Bijdrage tot de kennis der Plagiostomen van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, 24(art. 12): 1–92, Pls. 1–4

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Dasyatis favus, Dasyatis (Himantura) favus, Dasybatus favus, Himantura fava, Trygon fava, Trygon favus, Trygon undulata

Himantura undulata
Syntype: BMNH: 1867.11.28.156 Batavia; RMNH: 7440 (1 of 2)
Himantura fava
Holotype: ZSI: F2411/1;

Images of types

Description :

Citation: Himantura undulata (Bleeker, 1852): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 12/2021

Please send your images of "Himantura undulata" to info@shark-references.com

Himantura undulata (BLEEKER, 1852), India, Andhra Pradesh © San Jay, India
Common names
eng Leopard whip ray, eng Leopard whipray

Indo-West Pacific: Bay of Bengal to New Guinea, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Not occurring in the western Indian Ocean. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: low; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154).

Size / Weight / Age
410 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9840))

demersal; marine

shark-references Species-ID=2926;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Dollfusiella angustiformis Schaeffner & Beveridge, 2013 [21816]
  • Dollfusiella michiae (Southwell, 1929) [19694]
  • Dollfusiella sp. [15747]
  • Kotorella pronosoma (Stossich, 1901) [16112]
  • Parachristianella baverstocki Beveridge, 1990 [16972] [21816]
  • Parachristianella indonesiensis Palm, 2004 [16972] [21816]
  • Prochristianella clarkeae Beveridge, 1990 [17404] [21816]
  • Rhinebothrium sp. [16908]
  • Tetragonocephalum passeyi Jensen, 2005 [16338]
  • Trygonicola macroporus (Shipley & Hornell, 1906) [21816]

  • Gnathia maculosa Ota & Hirose, 2009 [22155]
  • Gnathia teruyukiae Ota, 2011 [22155]
  • Gnathia trimaculata Coetzee, Smit, Grutter & Davies, 2009 [17188] [22155]