Leptocharias smithii

(MÜLLER & HENLE, 1839)


Barbeled houndshark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Leptochariidae

Reference of the original description
MÜLLER, J. & HENLE, F.G.J. (1841)
Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen. Berlin, Veit, pp. 1–200

Image of the original description

Leptocharias smithii (MÜLLER & HENLE,1839)

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Leptocharias smithi, Mustelus osborni, Triaenodon smithii

Types
Leptocharias smithii
Holotype: BMNH: 1953.5.10.7
Mustelus osborni
Holotype: AMNH: 8281


Description :


Citation: Leptocharias smithii (MÜLLER & HENLE, 1839): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 10/2019

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Leptocharias smithii (MÜLLER & HENLE, 1839), © FAO, www.fish-base.org
Common names
spa Gallo, spa Marajo, spa Tiburón barbudo, fra \(T\) Chien de mer roux, fra \(T\) Emissole barbue, fra \(T\) Requin, fra \(T\) Émissole à grandes lèvres, eng Barbeled hound shark, eng Barbeled houndshark, eng Barbelled houndshark, por Cação-corre-corre, por Tubarão-barbudo

Short Description
Similar to species of Mustelus but nostrils with anterior flaps formed into distinct barbels [20040].

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to Namibia. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: not marketed/unknown; price reliability:

Biology
Viviparous, placental [733], with 7 young in a litter [517]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Found on the continental shelf, especially abundant off river mouths on muddy bottoms. Salinity: 35-36 ppt. Oxygen: 3-4 ppm. Feeds on small bottom and littoral organisms like crustaceans, bony fishes, octopi and sponges.

Size / Weight / Age
77.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; [517]); 82 cm TL (female)

Habitat
demersal; brackish; marine; depth range 10 - 75 m [517], usually 10 - 60 m (Ref. 5377)

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=3478;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Copepoda
  • Driocephalus cerebrinoxius (DIEBAKATE, RAIBAUT & KABATA, 1997) [14630]
  • Eudactylina leptochariae DIEBAKATE & RAIBAUT, 2000 [21208]