Leucoraja naevus

(MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841)


Cuckoo ray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Rajiformes Rajidae

Reference of the original description
MÜLLER, J. & HENLE, F.G.J. (1841)
Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen. Berlin, Veit, pp. 1–200

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Raia naevus, Raja naevus, Raja (Leucoraja) naevus

Types
Leucoraja naevus
Syntype: MNHN: 0000-1306; MNHN: 0000-1332; RMNH: 4237


Description :


Citation: Leucoraja naevus (MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 11/2018

Please send your images of "Leucoraja naevus" to info@shark-references.com

Leucoraja naevus (MÜLLER & HENLE, 1841), © FAO, www.fish-base.org
Common names
deu \(T\) Kuckucksrochen, spa Raia santiaguesa, spa Raya de San Pedro, spa Raya santiaguesa, spa Raya santiguesa, fra \(T\) Raie fleurie, eng Butterfly skate, eng Cuckoo ray, eng Cuckoo skate, eng Sandy ray, ita Pichira rutunnula, ita Razza cuculo, ita Razza fiorita, por Raia-de-dois-olhos

Short Description
Snout short; upper surface entirely spinulose, but centre of pectoral fins more or less bare in adults, underside smooth except for prickly front edges; generally 9-13 thorns in a complete row around inner margin of eye, and a large triangle of thorns on nape or shoulder region; two parallel rows of strong thorns on each side of midline along tail; upper surface ochre to light greyish-brown with a large roundish black eye-spot in middle of each pectoral fin, underside white [7182]

Distribution
Eastern Atlantic: Kattegat [7182] and North Sea, around Great Britain, Ireland and the Mediterranean to Morocco and Senegal. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; aquarium: public aquariums

Biology
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother [17086]. Reproductive biology: Portuguese continental waters (data base: 856 specimens, 501 females, 355 males): No difference in size at maturity was detected between sexes, which was estimated as 56 cm total length. Spawning occurs all year round, but maximum activity was during winter months. Maximum fecundity is c. 63 eggs female−1 year−1. Encapsulated eggs are released in batches, nine in total with a mean number of seven extruded eggs in each batch [17307];

Size / Weight / Age
71.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 41333)); 68 cm TL (female)

Habitat
demersal; marine; depth range 20 - 500 m, usually 20 - 250 m [5130]

Remarks
4326

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Monogenea
Cestoda
Nematoda
  • Capillaria sp. [17100]
  • Pancreatonema torriensis MCVICAR & GIBSON, 1975 [23993]

Copepoda
  • Caligus curtus MÜLLER, 1785 [16598]
  • Caligus elongatus VON NORDMANN, 1832 [16598]
  • Eudactylina similis SCOTT, 1902 [16598]
  • Lernaeopodina longimana (OLSSON, 1869) [16598]
  • Taeniacanthus sp. [16598]