Leucoraja ocellata

(MITCHILL, 1815)


Winter skate
Classification: Elasmobranchii Rajiformes Rajidae

Reference of the original description
MITCHILL, S.L. (1815)
The fishes of New York described and arranged. Transactions of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New York, 1: 355–492

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Raia ocellata, Raja ocellata, Raja (Leucoraja) ocellata

Types
Leucoraja ocellata



Description :


Citation: Leucoraja ocellata (MITCHILL, 1815): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 12/2018

Please send your images of "Leucoraja ocellata" to info@shark-references.com

Egg capsule of Leucoraja ocellata, VIMS 01358, 78.0 x 48.0 mm © Hajime Ishihara, Japan
Common names
fra \(T\) Raie tachetée, eng Big skate, eng Eyed skate, eng Winter big skate, eng Winter skate, ita Razza occhiata, por Raia-inverneira

Short Description
Disk rounded, with many small dark spots on upper surface. Usually 1-4 ocelli on upper surface on each side of disk, each with a dark brownish center and pale edge. Young have long middorsal row of large spines on disk and tail. Upper jaw has 72 rows of teeth [17658]. Lower surface usually white but marked with irregular pale brownish blotches [199].

Distribution
Western Atlantic: Newfoundland Banks and southern Gulf of St. Lawrence in Canada to North Carolina, USA. Source: www.gbif.org

Biology
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother [17086]. Prefers cool temperatures. Feeds on amphipods and polychaetes (important foods); also include fishes, decapods, isopods and bivalves. They are eaten by sharks, other rays and grey seals. Parasites of the species include 1 protozoan, 1 myxosporidian, 2 trematodes, 6 cestodes and 3 nematodes (Ref. 5951).

Size / Weight / Age
110 cm TL (male/unsexed; [17658]); 80.6 cm TL (female); max. reported age: 21 years (Ref. 52109)

Habitat
demersal; oceanodromous [17660]; marine; depth range 0 - 90 m [17658]

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=3496;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Monogenea
  • Empruthotrema raiae (MACCALLUM, 1916) JOHNSTON & TIEGS, 1922 [17205] [17002]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium coronatum (RUDOLPHI, 1819) VAN BENEDEN, 1850 [12575] [16448]
  • Anthobothrium cornucopia VAN BENEDEN, 1850 [12575]
  • Anthobothrium variabile (LINTON, 1899) WARDLE & MCLEOD, 1952 [12575]
  • Echeneibothrium sobrinum CAMPBELL, 1975 [16186]
  • Echeneibothrium variabile VAN BENEDEN, 1850 [12575]
  • Echeneibothrium vernetae EUZET, 1956 [16148] [7574]
  • Grillotia erinaceus (VAN BENEDEN, 1858) [12575] [24956] [16112] [7411]
  • Phyllobothrium loliginis (LEIDY, 1887) [16443]
  • Phyllobothrium sp. [12575] [16443]
  • Pseudanthobothrium purtoni RANDHAWA, SAUNDERS, SCOTT & BURT, 2008 [7413] [7574]
  • Pseudanthobothrium sp. [16148]

Trematoda
  • Otodistomum veliporum (CREPLIN, 1837) STAFFORD, 1904 [12575]
  • Podocotyle atomon (RUDOLPHI, 1802) ODHNER, 1905 [12575]

Nematoda
  • Anisakis sp. [12575]
  • Metanisakis tricupola (GIBSON, 1973) [17029]
  • Porrocaecum sp. [12575]
  • Pseudanisakis rotundata (RUDOLPHI, 1819) [12575]

Hirudinea