Maculabatis toshi

(WHITLEY, 1939)

Black-spotted whipray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae

Reference of the original description
WHITLEY, G.P. (1939)
Taxonomic notes on sharks and rays. Australian Zoologist, 9 (3): 227–262, fig. 18, pl. 20–22.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Himantura toshi

Maculabatis toshi

Himantura toshi
Holotype: AMS: IA.39;

Description :

Citation: Maculabatis toshi (WHITLEY, 1939): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 09/2020

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Maculabatis toshi (WHITLEY, 1939), juvenile male holotype (AMS IA 39, 294 mm DW, preserved). In: LAST, P.R. & MANJAJI-MATSUMOTO, B.M. & POGONOSKI, J.J. (2008): Himantura astra sp. nov, a new whipray (Myliobatoidei: Dasyatidae) from northern Australia. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper, 22: 303-314
Common names
eng Black-spotted stingray, eng Black-spotted whip ray, eng Black-spotted whipray, eng Blackspotted whipray, eng Coachwhip ray, eng Ray, eng Toshs longtail ray, eng Wulura

Indo-West Pacific: northern Australia and New Guinea, including the Arafura Sea and Timor Sea. Occurrence off Indonesia unknown. This species has been misidentified by most ichthyologists as a color form of Himantura uarnak [1388]. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: low; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Born at 20-22 cm WD [2539]. Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 9840, 75154). Juveniles (20-22 cm WD) are free swimming. Feed on prawns, small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 9840).

Size / Weight / Age
86.0 cm WD (male/unsexed; [2539])

demersal; marine; depth range 10 - 140 m [1388]

shark-references Species-ID=14654;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Parachristianella baverstocki BEVERIDGE, 1990 [16972]
  • Parachristianella indonesiensis PALM, 2004 [16972]
  • Parachristianella monomegacantha KRUSE, 1959 [16252] [16112]
  • Prochristianella aciculata BEVERIDGE & JUSTINE, 2010 [17404]
  • Prochristianella clarkeae BEVERIDGE, 1990 [16252] [16112] [17404]
  • Rhinebothrium nickoli COLEMAN, BEVERIDGE & CAMPBELL, 2018 [26943]
  • Scalithrium smitii SHINDE, DESHMUKH & JADHAV, 1981 [27352]
  • Stillabothrium jeanfortiae FORTI, APRILL & REYDA, 2016 [27352]
  • Zygorhynchus elongatus BEVERIDGE & CAMPBELL, 1988 [16255] [16112]

  • Caligus elasmobranchi BOXSHALL, 2018 [26229]