Mobula mobular

(Bonnaterre, 1788)

Devil fish
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Mobulidae

Reference of the original description
Bonnaterre, J.P. (1788)
Ichthyologie. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature. Paris, 215 p., pl. A–B + 1–100.

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Aodon japonicus, Apterurus fabroni, Cephaloptera fabroniana, Cephaloptera giorna, Cephaloptera japanica, Cephaloptera japonica, Cephaloptera massena, Cephaloptera tatraniana, Cephalopterus edentula, Cephalopterus fabronianus, Cephalopterus giorna, Cephalopterus massena, Cephalopterus mobular, Dicerobatis giornae, Dicerobatis japonica, Dicerobatis monstrum, Dicerobatis (Cephaloptera) giorna, Manta mobular, Mobula auriculata, Mobula cf. japonica, Mobula diabola, Mobula edentula, Mobula japanica, Mobula japonica, Mobula monstrum, Mobula rancureli, Raia cephaloptera, Raia fabroniana, Raia giorna, Raia mobular, Raja aurita, Raja cephaloptera, Raja fabroniana, Raja giorna, Raja mobular, Raja vespertilio, Squalus edentulus

Mobula mobular
XXXX: No types known;
Apterurus fabroni
XXXX: No types known;
Cephalopterus edentula
XXXX: No types known;
Cephalopterus massena
XXXX: No types known;
Dicerobatis monstrum
Holotype: SMNS: 1632;
Mobula auriculata
XXXX: No types known;
Mobula japanica
Lectotype: RMNH: D2440 Paralectotype: RMNH: lost
Mobula rancureli
Holotype: MNHN: 1965-0146;
Raia fabroniana
Holotype: MZUF: ? (not found in 1995)
Raja aurita
XXXX: no types known;
Raja cephaloptera
Holotype: ZMB: 13407
Raja giorna
XXXX: No types known;
Squalus edentulus
XXXX: No types known;

Description :

Citation: Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 06/2024

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Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788) © Patrik Neckman from Stockholm, Sweden
Common names
deu \(T\) Kleiner Teufelsrochen, deu \(T\) Meeresteufel, deu \(T\) Mittelmeer-Manta, deu \(T\) Teufelsrochen, spa Manta, spa Manta mobula, spa Maroma, fra \(T\) Mante, eng Devil fish, eng Devil ray, eng Devilfish, eng Giant Devil Ray, eng Giant devilray, eng Horny ray, eng Manta, ita Daddarita, ita Diavolo di mare, ita Mobula, ita Muchio vacca, ita Patesse addo capre, ita Pesce vesque, ita Pescio vacca, ita Pisci daddarita, ita Pisci sceccu, ita Vacca "emare, ita Vescovo, por Diabo-do-mar, por Jamanta, por Jimanta, por Manta, por Ugemanta, por Uja, por Uje, por Urjamanta

Short Description
Larger than M. hypostoma, tail with spine and prickles [199].

Eastern Atlantic: off southwest Ireland, Mediterranean Sea and Portugal south to Senegal, including the Canary and Azores islands. Possibly straying into the northwest Atlantic. Reported from India [17688]. Occurence: 2013: Adriatic Sea, 14 new records of 20 individual giant devil rays collected between 2008 and 2011 [17685]; Source:

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [17689] [733]. An epipelagic species [17687] found over continental shelves and near oceanic islands. Feeds on small pelagic fishes and crustaceans.

Size / Weight / Age
520 cm WD (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4442))

pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous [17660]; marine

shark-references Species-ID=3756; CITES: (see: Protected Species for more details) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Speciesof Wild Fauna and Flora annex: II; Council Regulation 2017/160 annex: B

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Syncoelium vermilionense Curran & Overstreet, 2000 [23771]

  • Entepherus laminipes Bere, 1936 [15950]
  • Eudactylina oliveri Laubier, 1968 [17867]
  • Kroeyerina mobulae Deets, 1987 [15948]
  • Pupulina brevicauda Wilson, 1952 [16609]

  • Gnathia grandilaris Coetzee, Smit, Grutter & Davies, 2008 [22155]
  • Gnathia trimaculata Coetzee, Smit, Grutter & Davies, 2009 [17188] [22155]

  • Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus, 1758 [21465]