Mobula thurstoni

(Lloyd, 1908)

Smooth-tail mobula
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Mobulidae

Reference of the original description
Lloyd, R.E. (1908)
On two new species of eagle-rays (Myliobatidae), with notes on the skull of the genus Ceratoptera. Records of the Indian Museum, 2(2), 175–180

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Dicerobatis thurstoni, Mobula lucasana

Mobula thurstoni
Syntype: Gov. Mus. Chennai: (whereabouts unknown)
Mobula lucasana
Holotype: AMNH: 15675 (ex NYZS 24793); AMNH: 15676 (ex NYZS 24793);

Description :

Citation: Mobula thurstoni (Lloyd, 1908): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 05/2023

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Mobula thurstoni (Lloyd, 1908), ©Randall, J.E,
Common names
spa Chupa sangre, spa Chupasangre, spa Diablo, spa Diablo chupasangre, spa Diablo manta, spa Manta, spa Manta diablo, spa Manta doblada, spa Manta raya, spa Murciélago, fra \(T\) Mante vampire, eng Bentfin devil ray, eng Bentfin devilray, eng Lesser devil ray, eng Manta, eng Smooth tail devil ray, eng Smooth-tail mobula, eng Smoothtail mobula

Short Description
A moderate-sized devilray with a short head bearing short head fins; dorsal fin white-tipped, and pectoral fins with swept-back tips and a prominent double bend to the front margins; upper disc sparsely covered with small, blunt denticles and tail shorter than disc, with no spine [536]. Dark blue to black above; white below, with silvery pectoral fin tips [536]. No caudal fin [536].

Probably circumtropical but in scattered localities. Eastern Atlantic: off Senegal and Côte d"quot;Ivoire. Indian Ocean: off South Africa, Bay of Bengal, and probably Indonesia (Ref. 9911). Western Pacific: Gulf of Thailand (Ref. 9911) and northeastern Australia [1388]. Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to Costa Rica [17050], including the Gulf of Tehuantepec (Ref. 9911). Reported from Chile (Ref. 9068). Possibly = Mobula eregoodoo (Cantor, 1849) [529]. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. With one large offspring per gestation period. Size at birth 65-85 cm [1388]. Occurs in coastal and oceanic waters, but more common near the coast. Found singly or in small groups. Feeds mainly on planktonic crustaceans.

Size / Weight / Age
220 cm WD (male/unsexed; [17050])

pelagic-oceanic; marine; depth range 0 - 100 m [1658]

shark-references Species-ID=3767; CITES: (see: Protected Species for more details) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Speciesof Wild Fauna and Flora annex: II; Council Regulation 2017/160 annex: B

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Hemionchos striatus Campbell & Beveridge, 2006 [9451] [23771]
  • Mobulocestus lepidoscolex Campbell & Beveridge, 2006 [9451] [23771]
  • Mobulocestus mollis Campbell & Beveridge, 2006 [9451] [23771]
  • Mobulocestus nephritidis Campbell & Beveridge, 2006 [9451] [23771]

  • Nagmia cisloi Curran, Blend & Overstreet, 2009 [16108] [23771]
  • Syncoelium vermilionense Curran & Overstreet, 2000 [23771]

  • Echthrogaleus disciarai Benz & Deets, 1987 [15947]
  • Entepherus laminipes Bere, 1936 [15950]
  • Eudactylina oliveri Laubier, 1968 [17867]
  • Kroeyerina mobulae Deets, 1987 [15948]