Mustelus manazo

BLEEKER, 1854


Starspotted smooth-hound
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Triakidae

Reference of the original description
BLEEKER, P. (1854)
Faunae ichthyologicae japonicae. Species Novae. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië, 6: 395–426

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Cynias manazo, Galeorhinus manazo, Mustelus cf. manazo, Mustelus monazo, Myrmillo manazo

Types
Mustelus manazo
Syntype: RMNH: 7396


Description :


Citation: Mustelus manazo BLEEKER, 1854: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 09/2020

Please send your images of "Mustelus manazo" to info@shark-references.com

Mustelus manazo BLEEKER, 1854, © FAO, www.fish-base.org
Common names
spa Musola celestial, fra \(T\) Émissole étoilée, eng Gummy dogfish, eng Gummy shark, eng Japanese smooth hound, eng Spotted shark, eng Star-spotted gummy shark, eng Star-spotted shark, eng Star-spotted smooth hound, eng Starspotted smooth-hound, por Caneja

Short Description
Diagnosis after Compagno, 1984 [517]: Body fairly slender. Head short, prepectoral length 17 to 21% of total length; snout moderately long and bluntly angular in lateral view, preoral snout 5.7 to 7.5% of total length, preorbital snout 6 to 7.8% of total length; internarial space fairly narrow, 2 to 2.9% of total length; eyes large, eye length 1.7 to 2.5 times in preorbital snout and 2.4 to 4.1% of total length; interorbital space narrow, 3.7 to 4.5% of total length; mouth fairly short, about equal to eye length and 2.5 to 3.7% of total length; upper labial furrows considerably longer than lowers and 1.9 to 2.5% of total length; teeth molariform and asymmetric, with cusp reduced to a low point; buccopharyngeal denticles covering almost entire palate and floor of mouth Interdorsal space 19 to 23% of total length; trailing edges of dorsal fins denticulate, without bare ceratotrichia; first dorsal broadly triangular, with posteroventrally sloping posterior margin, its midbase closer to pelvic bases than to pectorals; pectoral fins moderate-sized, length of anterior margins 11 to 15% of total length, width of posterior margins 7.5 to 14% of total length; pelvic fins moderate-sized, anterior margin length 5.4 to 8.2% of total length; anal height 2.2 to 3.4% of total length; anal caudal space greater than second dorsal height, and 6.5 to 9% of total length; ventral caudal lobe not falcate in adults. Crowns of lateral trunk denticles lanceolate, with longitudinal ridges extending their entire length. Skeleton not hypercalcified in adults; palatoquadrates not subdivided; monospondylous precaudal centra 33 to 41, diplospondylous precaudal centra 35 to 54, precaudal centra 71 to 91. Colour uniform grey or grey-brown, above, light below, usually with numerous white spots but no dark spots or dark bars. Development ovoviviparous. Size moderate, adults 55 to 117 cm.

Distribution
Western Indian Ocean: Kenya. Western Pacific: southern Siberia, Japan, Korea, China, Taiwan and Viet Nam; Chesterfield Islands [20058]. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

Biology
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk [733], with 1 to 22 ([2539] reports 5-14) young in a litter. Gestation period takes about 10 months [517] or 11-12 months[5571]. Young born in spring. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. A carnivore [17641]. Found in the intertidal zone, on mud and sand bottom, down to a depth of at least 360 m [544]. Feeds mainly on bottom invertebrates, also bony fishes [517].

Size / Weight / Age
220 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4883)); max. published weight: 5,720 g (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 6081)

Habitat
bathydemersal; marine; depth range ? - 360 m [544]

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=3804;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Myxosporea
Monogenea
  • Erpocotyle macrohystera PRICE, 1942 [17150]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium karachiense BILQEES, 1980 [16261] [28741]
  • Acanthobothrium mujibi BILQEES, 1980 [16261] [28741]
  • Acanthobothrium rubrum BILQEES, 1980 [16261] [28741]
  • Calliobothrium creeveyae BUTLER, 1987 [21441]
  • Calliobothrium nodosum YOSHIDA, 1917 [16408]
  • Calliobothrium tylotocephalum ALEXANDER, 1963 [21441]
  • Calliobothrium verticillatum (RUDOLPHI, 1819) [16129] [21441]
  • Cephalobothrium dierama SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906 [16468]
  • Clistobothrium tumidum (LINTON, 1922) [16443]
  • Echinobothrium lateroporum SUBHAPRADHA, 1948 [16430] [19536]
  • Echinobothrium sp. [21441]
  • Erudituncus musteli (YAMAGUTI, 1952) HEALY, SCHOLZ & CAIRA, 2001 [16129] [16204]
  • Neolitobothrium hexalacinatum BILQEES, 1983 [16262]
  • Nybelinia manazo YAMAGUTI, 1952 [16129] [16112]
  • Orygmatobothrium musteli (VAN BENEDEN, 1850) [16129]
  • Orygmatobothrium sp. [21441]
  • Orygmatobothrium versatile (DIESING, 1854) DIESING, 1863 [16129]
  • Otobothrium karachiensis BILQEES & MUSLEHUDDIN, 1975 [16112]
  • Phyllobothrium lactuca VAN BENEDEN, 1850 [16129] [16443] [16443]
  • Phyllobothrium parvum STOSSICH, 1909 [16129]
  • Phyllobothrium sp. [21441]
  • Pterobothrium pearsoni (SOUTHWELL, 1929) [16112]
  • Scyphophyllidium typicum (SUBHAPRADHA, 1955) [16423] [16443]
  • Symcallio hayhowi (NASIN, CAIRA & EUZET, 1997) [21441]
  • Trigonolobium lancinatum (YOSHIDA, 1917) [16112]

Nematoda
  • Acanthocheilus rotundatus (RUDOLPHI, 1819) [19877] [21441]
  • Mooleptus rabuka (MACHIDA, OGAWA & OKIYAMA, 1982) [19877]
  • Neogoezia alaetocephala BILQEES & KHANUM, 1972 [17029]
  • Neogoezia aspinosa BILQEES & KHANUM, 1972 [17029]
  • Neogoezia mangra BILQEES & KHANUM, 1972 [17029]
  • Neogoezia multipapilla BILQEES & KHANUM, 1972 [17029]
  • Neogoezia spirocaudata BILQEES & KHANUM, 1972 [17029]

Copepoda
  • Achtheinus oblongus WILSON, 1908 [21441]
  • Driocephalus cerebrinoxius (DIEBAKATE, RAIBAUT & KABATA, 1997) [19952]
  • Kroyeria lineata VAN BENEDEN, 1853 [25053]