Myliobatis australis

MACLEAY, 1881


Australian bull ray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Myliobatidae

Reference of the original description
MACLEAY, W. (1881)
A descriptive catalogue of the fishes of Australia. Part IV. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, ser. 1, 6: 202–387

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Types
Myliobatis australis
Syntype: AMS: I.16256-001 (old: MAMU F41);


Description :


Citation: Myliobatis australis MACLEAY, 1881: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 11/2018

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Common names
deu \(T\) Australischer Adlerrochen, eng Australian bull ray, eng Bull-ray, eng Cowfish, eng Cowray, eng Eagle ray, eng Fly-aways, eng Mill ray, eng Ray, eng Southern eagle ray, eng Whip ray, eng Whiptail ray

Distribution
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from Western Australia to Queensland. Possibly occurring off New Zealand.

Human uses
gamefish: yes

Biology
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Commonly found off beaches and over sand flats in shallow water. Also found offshore down to 85 m. Feeds mainly on crabs and shellfish.

Size / Weight / Age
120 cm WD (male/unsexed; [1388]); max. published weight: 56.5 kg (Ref. 40637)

Habitat
reef-associated; marine; depth range ? - 85 m (Ref. 9862)

Remarks
8687

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Myxosporea
  • Chloromyxum myliobati GLEESON & ADLARD, 2012 [15542]

Monogenea
  • Dendromonocotyle bradsmithi CHISHOLM, GLENNON & WHITTINGTON, 2005 [24084]
  • Empruthotrema tasmaniensis CHISHOLM & WHITTINGTON, 1999 [17002]
  • Heliocotyle ewingi CHISHOLM & WHITTINGTON, 2000 [9434]
  • Monocotyle jordani CHISHOLM, 1998 [17001]

Cestoda
Nematoda
  • Echinocephalus overstreeti DEARDORFF & KO, 1983 [21500]