Parmaturus xaniurus

(GILBERT, 1892)

Filetail catshark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Pentanchidae

Reference of the original description
GILBERT, C.H. (1892)
Descriptions of thirty-four new species of fishes collected in 1888 and 1889, principally among the Santa Barbara Islands and in the Gulf of California. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 14: 539–566

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Catulus xaniurus, Pristiurus xaniurus, Scyliorhinus xaniurus

Parmaturus xaniurus
Lectotype: USNM: 46719; Paralectotype: SU: 259 USNM: 125059; USNM: 46718; ZMB: 13986 (ex USNM 46718)

Description :

Citation: Parmaturus xaniurus (GILBERT, 1892): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 08/2020

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Parmaturus xaniurus (GILBERT, 1892), © Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas (CICIMAR-IPN)
Common names
spa Gato lima, spa Pejegato lima, fra \(T\) Holbiche râpe, eng Filetail cat shark, eng Filetail catshark

Eastern Central Pacific: central California, USA to the Gulf of California. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: of no interest

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Found on the outer continental shelf and upper slope. Feeds on a variety of small fish (e.g. lanternfish) and invertebrates. Consumes mostly pelagic prey [5106]. Possesses an enlarged gill region which is an adaptation to areas with low dissolved oxygen levels.

Size / Weight / Age
45.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; [517]); 55 cm TL (female)

demersal; marine; depth range 91 - 1251 m

shark-references Species-ID=4744;