Pseudobatos percellens

(WALBAUM, 1792)

Chola guitarfish
Classification: Elasmobranchii Rhinopristiformes Rhinobatidae

Reference of the original description
WALBAUM, J.J. (1792)
Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium. In quibus systema totum ichthyologiae proponitur cum classibus, ordinibus, generum characteribus, specierum differentiis, observationibus plurimis. Redactis speciebus 242 ad genera 52. Ichthyologiae pars III. Ant. Ferdin. Rose, Grypeswaldiae [Greifswald].

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Raja percellens, Raja rhinobatos transparens, Rhinobatos percellens, Rhinobatos percelleus, Rhinobatos stellio, Rhinobatus glaucostictos, Rhinobatus percellens, Rhinobatus stellio, Rhinobatus undulatus, Rhinobatus (Rhinobatus) undulatus

Pseudobatos percellens

Rhinobatus stellio
Syntype: SU: 11851 SU: 11828 SU: 11829

Description :

Citation: Pseudobatos percellens (WALBAUM, 1792): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 12/2019

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Pseudobatos percellens (WALBAUM, 1792); © Wanessa P. David do Carmo, Universidade Federal do Paraná
Common names
deu \(T\) Geigenrochen, spa Guitarra, spa Guitarra chola, spa Puraque, fra \(T\) Poisson-guitare chola, eng Chola guitarfish, eng Fiddlerfish, eng Guitarfish, eng Southern guitarfish, por Arraia-viola, por Cação-viola, por Guitarra, por Raia-viola, por Viola, por Viola-do-Golfo

Short Description
Shorter nostrils, no enlarged tubercles on the tip of the snout. Olive gray, reddish brown or chocolate brown. Pale translucent area on either side of rostral ridges. Darker brown spots or blotches on sides. Lower surface pale yellowish, greyish or dusky white, tip of the snout with a more or less conspicuous sooty blotch [199]. Diet: [22643] Paranaguá estuarine complex (March/2006 to March/2007 and October/2008 to September/2009) (data base: of 62 stomachs examined): Rhinobatos percellens had a specialized diet (BA = 0.06), and according to %IRI, the main food items were: Leptochela serratorbita Bate, 1888 (combclaw shrimp), Ogyrides alphaerostris (Kingsley, 1880) (estuarine long eye shrimp) and Caridea remains (including L. serratorbita and O. alphaerostris).

Western Atlantic: West Indies to northern Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: tropical waters of West Africa. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Found on shallow, soft bottoms.

Size / Weight / Age
100.0 cm WD (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217))

demersal; marine; depth range 0 - 110 m [199]

shark-references Species-ID=14583;