Scymnodon plunketi

(WAITE, 1910)

Plunket shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Squaliformes Somniosidae

Reference of the original description
WAITE, E.R. (1910)
Notes on New Zealand fishes. Transactions New Zealand Institute, 42: 384–391, Pl. 37

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Centrophorus plunketi, Centrophorus waitei

Scymnodon plunketi
Holotype: CMC: (missing)
Centrophorus waitei
Holotype: CMC: 179; NMNZ: P20517;

Description :

Citation: Scymnodon plunketi (WAITE, 1910): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 05/2021

No image available.
Please send your images of "Scymnodon plunketi" to
Common names
spa Pailona austral, fra \(T\) Pailona austral, fra \(T\) Pailona australe, eng Lord Plunket"s shark, eng Plunket shark, eng Plunket"s dogfish, eng Plunket"s shark, eng Plunkets dogfish, eng Roughskin dogfish, eng Waites deepsea dogfish

Short Description
Dark grey-brown in color, dorsal fins with very small fin spines, very short snout, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with short, oblique cusps, stocky body that tapers abruptly from pectoral region, moderately large dermal denticles with triple cusps and ridges in adults and subadults [518].

Southwest Pacific: New Zealand and southeastern Australia. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: of potential interest

Ovoviviparous with up to 36 young in a litter. Size at birth between 32 and 36 cm [518]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Found on continental and insular slopes. Occurs in large schools near the bottom which are segregated according to size and sex. Feeds on cephalopods and bony fishes.

Size / Weight / Age
131 cm TL (male/unsexed; [518]); 170 cm TL (female)

bathydemersal; marine; depth range 219 - 1550 m [1388], usually 550 - 732 m [518]

shark-references Species-ID=6442;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)