Squalus lobularis


Classification: Elasmobranchii Squaliformes Squalidae

Reference of the original description
VIANA, S.T.F.L. & DE CARVALHO, M.R. & GOMES, U.L. (2016)
Taxonomy and morphology of species of the genus Squalus Linnaeus, 1758 from the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean (Chondrichthyes: Squaliformes: Squalidae). Zootaxa, 4133 (1): 1–89

Squalus lobularis
Holotype: HUMZ: 91806; Paratype: HUMZ: 30026; HUMZ: 30032; HUMZ: 91801; HUMZ: 91804; HUMZ: 91807; UERJ: 1661; UERJ: 2024; UERJ: 2025; UERJ: 2026;

Images of types

Description :

Citation: Squalus lobularis VIANA, DE CARVALHO & GOMES, 2016: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 02/2021

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Holotype of Squalus lobularis (HUMZ 91806, juvenile female, 557 mm TL) in lateral and ventral views; © VIANA, DE CARVALHO & GOMES, 2016
Common names
eng Atlantic lobefin dogfish, por Cação-bagre-de-nadadeiras-lobadas

Short Description
Original diagnosis after DE F. VIANA, DE CARVALHO & GOMES, 2016 [24274]: A species of Squalus from SWAO that differs from its congeners by the combination of having markedly broad and lobe-like dorsal fins and short clasper groove, not reaching the rhipidion. Squalus lobularis sp. nov. is clearly distinct from S. mitsukurii from Japan, its morphologically closest congener, by having a slender body (vs. highly robust body in S. mitsukurii), pectoral-fin posterior margin concave (vs. pectoral-fin posterior margin straight in S. mitsukurii), narrower interorbital space (8.8%, 6.8%–8.5% TL vs. 9.3%, 9.1%–9.8% TL in S. mitsukurii); and inner clasper length 1.4 times pelvic-fin inner margin length (vs. 0.7–1.1 times in S. mitsukurii). Squalus lobularis sp. nov. further differs from species of the Squalus megalops group by: snout relatively long vs. snout short; pectoral fins markedly broad vs. pectoral fins often very narrow; pectoral free rear tips rounded and lobe-like vs. pectoral free rear tips often triangular; dermal denticles tricuspidate vs. lanceolate. It further differs from all its congeners by having a much larger pectoral-inner margin length (10.5%, 9.2%–11.0% TL), except from S. acanthias.

southern Brazil to Uruguay and Patagonia in Argentina. Its occurrence in the coast of Espírito Santo, Brazil (C. Magenta, pers. comm.), is still doubtful due to lack of precise locality information [24274]

Size / Weight / Age
530.0mm - 725.0mm TL (types) [24274]

marine [24274]

Unicuspid teeth, similar in both jaws, markedly broad at crown, flattened labial-lingually and alternating; upper teeth smaller and narrower than lower teeth; cusp thick and short, oblique and directed laterally; mesial cutting edge conspicuously convex; mesial heel pointed; distal heel markedly rounded; apron thick, although larger on lower teeth than upper teeth; two series of functional teeth in upper and lower jaws; tooth rows varying from 13–13 (13–13 paratypes) in upper jaw and 11–10 (12–11 paratypes) in lower jaw [24274]

shark-references Species-ID=14605;