Torpedo marmorata

Risso, 1810

Spotted torpedo
Classification: Elasmobranchii Torpediniformes Torpedinidae

Reference of the original description
Risso, A. (1810)
Ichthyologie de Nice, ou histoire naturelle des poissons du département des Alpes Maritimes. Paris :F. Schoell, i–xxxvi + 1–388, pls. 1–11.

Image of the original description

Torpedo marmorata Risso, 1810

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Fimbriotorpedo marmorata, Narcacion marmoratus, Narcobatus marmoratus, Torpedo diversicolor, Torpedo galvani, Torpedo galvanii, Torpedo immaculata, Torpedo marmoratus, Torpedo picta, Torpedo punctata, Torpedo trepidans, Torpedo vulgaris, Torpedo (Torpedo) marmorata

Torpedo marmorata

Torpedo diversicolor
XXXX: No types known;
Torpedo galvani
XXXX: No types known;
Torpedo immaculata
XXXX: No types known;
Torpedo punctata
XXXX: No types known;
Torpedo trepidans
Holotype: MNHN: A-8686;
Torpedo vulgaris
XXXX: No types known;

Description :

Citation: Torpedo marmorata Risso, 1810: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 04/2024

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Torpedo marmorata (Risso, 1810), © Claudio Barria, Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Marine Sciences of Barcelona (ICM), Spain. Catsharks, Taurons i Rajades de Catalunya
Common names
deu \(T\) Marmelzitterrochen, deu \(T\) Marmor-Zitterrochen, deu \(T\) Marmorierter Zitterrochen, deu \(T\) Zitterrochen, spa Tembladeira, spa Tembladera, spa Tembladora, spa Tremielga, spa Tremolina mármol, spa Tremuloya, spa Tremuló, spa Trimielga, spa Vaca enrampadora, spa Vaca tremoladora, fra \(T\) Dali, fra \(T\) Dormihouso, fra \(T\) Dourmillouse, fra \(T\) Endourmidouijda, fra \(T\) Galina, fra \(T\) Raie électrique, fra \(T\) Torpille, fra \(T\) Torpille marbrée, fra \(T\) Tremblard, fra \(T\) Tremble lisse, fra \(T\) Trembleuse, eng Common crampfish, eng Marbled electric ray, eng Marbled torpedo, eng Numbfish, eng Spotted torpedo, ita Battinetta, ita Sa Nacida, ita Sgranfo, ita Torpedine, ita Torpedine bruna, ita Torpedine marezza, ita Torpedine marezzata, ita Torpedine marmorata, ita Tremblo, ita Tremoixe, ita Tremola, ita Tremola janca, ita Tremula, ita Tremula antisicca, ita Tremula biunna, ita Tremula i rina, ita Tremula janca, ita Tremula liscia, ita Tremula marmulina, ita Tremula niura, ita Tremulusa, ita Treppaine, ita Trompigliola, por Dormideira, por Tormentim, por Tormeutim, por Treme-mão, por Tremedeira, por Tremelga, por Tremelga-marmoreada

Short Description
Disc-width around the same as its length, length and width 1,50 to 1,70 times in total length; dorsal fins more or less rounded, its base 1,50 times in its height (Ref. 39215).

Eastern Atlantic: northern UK (less common in southern North Sea and Kattegat) to Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Also in the Mediterranean Sea. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: public aquariums

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Inhabits coral reefs between the Western Indian Ocean and the Red Sea [17641]. A carnivore [17641].

Size / Weight / Age
100.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; [17657]); max. published weight: 3,000 g [20241]

reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 2 - 370 m (Ref. 4430)

shark-references Species-ID=7181;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Chloromyxum leydigi Mingazzini, 1890 [21217]

  • Amphibdelloides kechemirae Tazerouti, Neifar & Euzet, 2006 [21239] [31118]
  • Amphibdelloides vallei (Euzet & Maillard, 1967) [31118]
  • Empruthotrema raiae (Maccallum, 1916) Johnston & Tiegs, 1922 [15252]
  • Empruthotrema torpedinis Kearn, 1976 [15252] [17002]
  • Epicotyle torpedinis (Price, 1942) [22559] [31118]

  • Anaporrhutum torpedoense Khan & Begum, 1991 [21482]

  • Eudactylina acuta Van Beneden, 1853 [16609]
  • Pseudocharopinus malleus (Rudolphi in Von Nordmann, 1832) [16609] [27471]

  • Ceratothoa collaris (Schioedte & Meinert, 1883) [23898] [19912]
  • Ceratothoa oxyrrynchaena (Koelbel, 1878) [23898]