Torpedo sinuspersici

OLFERS, 1831

Marbled electric ray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Torpediniformes Torpedinidae

Reference of the original description
VON OLFERS, J.F.M. (1831)
Die Gattung Torpedo in ihren naturhistorischen und antiquarischen Beziehungen erläutert. Berlin: 1–35, pl. 1–3.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Fimbriotorpedo sinus persici, Narcacion sinus-persici, Torpedo sinus persici, Torpedo sinus-persi, Torpedo sinus-persici, Torpedo zugmayeri, Torpedo (Torpedo) sinuspersici, Torpedo (Torpedo) zugmayeri

Torpedo sinuspersici

Torpedo zugmayeri
Holotype: ZSM: (old collection) lost in WW II;

Description :

Citation: Torpedo sinuspersici OLFERS, 1831: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 04/2019

Please send your images of "Torpedo sinuspersici" to

Torpedo sinuspersici OLFERS, 1831, female, 420mm TL, 290mm DW, Thiruvananthapuram, Arabian Sea (South west coast of India) © Bhagyalekshmi Venugopal, Department of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, University of Kerala
Common names
eng Gulf torpedo, eng Marbled electric eel, eng Marbled electric ray, eng Variable torpedo ray

Short Description
Large ray with a small caudal fin and with papillae around the spiracles [536]. Bright color pattern of circles and irregular marks, cream or golden on dark red or brown to blackish background dorsally [536].

Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea eastward to India [20091] and southward to Natal, South Africa [536]. Source:

Human uses
gamefish: yes

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. With 9-22 in a litter [1658]. Form aggregations during the reproductive season [3538]. Found inshore in sandy bottoms, and well offshore from the surf zone down to 200 m [536]. Also on or near coral reefs [1658]. Common in shallow sandy areas [20091]. Feeds on bony fishes.

Size / Weight / Age
130 cm TL (male/unsexed; [20091])

reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range ? - 200 m (Ref. 9710)

shark-references Species-ID=7204;