Urolophus cruciatus

(LACEPÈDE, 1804)


Crossback stingaree
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Urolophidae

Reference of the original description
LACEPÈDE, B.G.E. (1804)
Mémoire sur plusieurs animaux de la Nouvelle Hollande dont la description n'a pas encore été publiée. Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 4: 184–211, 4 pl.

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Raja cruciata, Trygonobatus ephippiatus, Urolophus ephippiatus

Types
Urolophus cruciatus
Holotype: MNHN: 2352
Urolophus ephippiatus
Holotype: BMNH: 1855.9.19.1403


Description :


Citation: Urolophus cruciatus (LACEPÈDE, 1804): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 02/2019

Please send your images of "Urolophus cruciatus" to info@shark-references.com

Urotrygon cruciatus (LACEPÈDE, 1804) © Fabian Ian Trinnie, Department of Fisheries, Western Australia
Common names
eng Banded stingaree, eng Crossback stingaree

Short Description
Diagnosis after Fowler, 1941 [849]: Depth 9 7/8 to 13 1/5 to end of caudal; head 4 2/3 to 4 9/10; disk length 1 to 1 1/10 in its width; tail 1 1/4 to 1 2/3 in disk length. Snout 1 1/2 to 1 3/5 in head, forms broad, obtuse point for very wide angle of front profile line; eye 5 2/3 to 6 1/2, 4 to 4 1/4 in snout, 2 3/5 to 3 in interorbital; dentary width 4 4/5 in head; teeth in 18 to 20 rows in jaws, wider than long, with slight transverse concavity on crown ; both lips with fringed edges ; nostrils small, internarial width siibeqnal with dentary width interorbital 2 1/5 to 2 1/4 in head, level. Gill openings small, subequal, equidistant, first and last shorter. Eye 1 3/5 of large spiracle. Skin smooth. Caudal with 2 spines, near end of tail, second longer or 1 1/2 in head. No dorsal or anal ; caudal moderately deep, end rounded ; pectorals form partly quadrangular disk, broadly rounded; ventrals broad, obtuse; claspers flattened though robust, obtusely conic, little less than total ventral length. Uniform brownish above. Below whitish, outer portions of pectorals laterally, also of ventrals and all of caudal dusky. New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania

Distribution
Eastern Indian Ocean: Australia. Source: www.gbif.org

Biology
Inhabits inshore waters, preferably muddy bottoms in the mouths of estuaries and in bays. Also found in rocky reefs. Feeds on crustaceans, molluscs, and worms.

Size / Weight / Age
50.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; [1388])

Habitat
demersal; brackish; marine; depth range ? - 160 m [1388]

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=7430;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Monogenea
  • Acanthocotyle urolophi KEARN, WHITTINGTON, CHISHOLM & EVANS-GOWING, 2016 [24763]
  • Calicotyle urolophi CHISHOLM, BEVERLEY-BURTON & LAST, 1991 [17868] [17436] [7377] [23992]

Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium clarkeae CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002 [16128]
  • Dollfusiella martini (BEVERIDGE, 1990) [16252] [16112]