Carcharhinus amboinensis

(MÜLLER & HENLE, 1839)

Pigeye shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae

Reference of the original description
MÜLLER, J. & HENLE, F.G.J. (1841)
Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen. Berlin, Veit, pp. 1–200

Image of the original description

Carcharhinus amboinensis (MÜLLER&HENLE,1839)

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharhinus ambioensis, Carcharias amboinensis, Carcharias brachyrhynchos, Carcharias (Prionodon) amboinensis, Carcharias (Prionodon) brachyrhynchos, Carcharinus amboinensis, Eulamia philippi, Squalus (Carcharinus) amboinensis, Triaenodon obtusus

Carcharhinus amboinensis
Holotype: RMNH: D2582
Carcharias (Prionodon) brachyrhynchos
Holotype: RMNH: 7380
Triaenodon obtusus
Holotype: ZSI: 2277

Description :

Citation: Carcharhinus amboinensis (MÜLLER & HENLE, 1839): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 08/2020

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Carcharhinus amboinensis (MÜLLER & HENLE, 1839), © Randall, J.E,
Common names
spa Tiburón baleta, fra \(T\) Requin balestrine, eng Ambon sharpnose puffer, eng Estuary shark, eng Java shark, eng Pigeye shark, por Marracho baleta

Short Description
A massive shark with a thick-set head, a short, broad and blunt snout, small eyes and large, triangular, saw-edged upper teeth; 1st dorsal fin high and erect, at leas 3.2 times height of 2nd dorsal fin; no interdorsal ridge [536]. Grayish in color, white below; fins with dusky tips [536].

Eastern Atlantic: Nigeria. Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden, South Africa, Madagascar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea [1388], and Australia. Often confused with sympatric Carcharhinus leucas and Glyphis gangeticus but the three are distinguishable. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family

Viviparous, placental [733], with 3 to 13 in a litter [544]. Size at birth about 43 to 53 cm TL [544]; 60-70 cm TL [2539]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Feeds on fish, cephalopods, crustaceans and mollusks [536].

Size / Weight / Age
280 cm TL (male/unsexed; [17644])

reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 150 m [544]

shark-references Species-ID=717;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Kudoa carcharhini GLEESON, BENNETT & ADLARD, 2010 [21484]

  • Callitetrarhynchus gracilis (RUDOLPHI, 1819) PINTNER, 1931 [16112]
  • Floriceps minacanthus CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 1987 [16277] [16112] [21718]
  • Heteronybelinia australis PALM & BEVERIDGE, 2002 [17845] [16112]
  • Otobothrium australe PALM, 2004 [17826]
  • Otobothrium crenacolle LINTON, 1890 [17826]
  • Paraorygmatobothrium sp. [25840]
  • Protogrillotia sp. [15747]
  • Scyphophyllidium sinclairtaylori (CUTMORE, BENNETT, MILLER & CRIBB, 2017) [25840]
  • Scyphophyllidium ullmanni (CUTMORE, BENNETT, MILLER & CRIBB, 2017) [25840]