Carcharhinus plumbeus

(Nardo, 1827)

Sandbar shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae

Reference of the original description
Nardo, G.D. (1827)
Prodromus observationum et disquisitionum Adriaticae ichthyologiae. Giornale di fisica, chimica e storia naturele, medicina, ed arti, 10: 22–40

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharhinus aff. plumbeus, Carcharhinus cf. plumbeus, Carcharhinus dorsalis, Carcharhinus japonica, Carcharhinus japonicus, Carcharhinus milberti, Carcharhinus obtusirostis, Carcharhinus stevensi, Carcharias ceruleus, Carcharias japonicus, Carcharias latistomus, Carcharias milberti, Carcharias obtusirostris, Carcharias plumbeus, Carcharias stevensi, Carcharias (Prionodon) japonicus, Carcharias (Prionodon) milberti, Carcharinus latistomus, Carcharinus milberti, Carcharinus milberti japonicus , Carcharinus plumbeus, Eulamia milberti, Eulamia milbertii, Eulamia plumbeus, Eulamia stevensi, Galeolamna dorsalis, Galeolamna stevensi, Galeolamna (Ogilamia) stevensi, Galeolamnoides stevensi, Lamna caudata, Prionace japonica, Prionace milberti, Prionodon milberti, Prionodon milbertii, Squalus caecchia, Squalus ceruleus, Squalus milberti, Squalus plumbeus, Squalus (Carcharinus) caudata, Squalus (Carcharinus) ceruleus, Squalus (Carcharinus) milberti

Carcharhinus plumbeus
XXXX: No types known;
Carcharias ceruleus
XXXX: No types known;
Carcharias obtusirostris
Syntype: MNHN: 1898-1227
Carcharias stevensi
Syntype: QM: (apparently lost, 164 and 187 cm not mm in length)
Carcharias (Prionodon) milberti
Syntype: MNHN: 1142; RMNH: uncat, (whereabouts unknown); ZMB: 4467;
Carcharinus latistomus
Holotype: NRIBAS: 11156
Lamna caudata
XXXX: No types known;
Squalus caecchia
XXXX: No types known;

Description :

Citation: Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 02/2024

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Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827), ERB 1241, female, 116, 4 TL © Frederik H. Mollen (Elasmobranch Research Belgium)
Common names
deu \(T\) Braunhai, deu \(T\) Großflossenhai, deu \(T\) Sandbankhai, spa Arenero, spa Cazón, spa Jaquetón, spa Tiburón Brasilero, spa Tiburón aleta de cartón, spa Tiburón aletón, spa Tiburón de Milberto, spa Tiburón pardo, spa Tiburón tollo, spa Tiburón trozo, spa Tollo, fra \(T\) Requin gris, eng Brown shark, eng Northern whaler shark, eng Queriman shark, eng Sand shark, eng Sandbar shark, eng Shark, eng Thickskin shark, ita Squalo grigio, por Barriga-de-água, por Barriga-dágua, por Cação, por Cação barriga d"água, por Cação galhudo, por Cação-baleeiro, por Cação-balheiro, por Cação-galhudo, por Cação-pardo, por Galhudo, por Marracho de Milberto, por Tubarão-cinzento, por Tubarão-corre-costa, Kelb griz (malta)

Short Description
A stout shark with a moderately long, rounded snout, high, triangular, saw-edged upper teeth, and an interdorsal ridge; 1st dorsal fin very large and erect [536]. Grey-brown or bronzy with no prominent markings, white below [536]. Fins plain or with slightly dusky tips [20040].

Western Atlantic: southern Massachusetts, USA to Argentina [5839]; also Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba and south and west Caribbean [17659]. Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Democratic Republic of the Congo, including the Mediterranean. Indo-Pacific: scattered records ranging from the Red Sea, Persian Gulf and East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands. Eastern Pacific: Revillagigedo and Galapagos islands [16090]. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums

Viviparous [20077], placental [733], 1-14 pups in a litter; 56-75 cm at birth [17644]; gestation period of 12 months [2539]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Sexual dimorphism is evident in the thicker skin layer of maturing and adult females (Ref. 49562). This thickened skin may serve as protection from the "quot;bites"quot; the female species receive from the males during precopulation and in the rugged conditions of the rock and coral environment where they live (Ref. 49562). Pups are born from Feb. to April in Northeastern Taiwan (Ref.37027). Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154).

Size / Weight / Age
250 cm TL (male/unsexed; [20052]); max. published weight: 117.9 kg (Ref. 4699); max. reported age: 32 years (Ref. 4857)

benthopelagic; oceanodromous [17660]; brackish; marine; depth range 1 - 1800 m[5695], usually 20 - 65 m (Ref. 55188)

shark-references Species-ID=815;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Petromyzon marinus Linnaeus, 1758 [21428]

  • Anthobothrium lyndoni Ruhnke & Caira, 2009 [7419]
  • Dasyrhynchus basipunctatus (Carvajal, Campbell & Cornford, 1976) [21718]
  • Dasyrhynchus giganteus (Diesing 1850) Pintner 1929 [16112]
  • Dasyrhynchus pacificus Robinson, 1965 [5977] [16112]
  • Dasyrhynchus variouncinatus (Pintner, 1913) [16112]
  • Dollfusiella tenuispinis (Linton, 1890) [16112]
  • Floriceps saccatus Cuvier, 1817 [16112]
  • Grillotia erinaceus (Van Beneden, 1858) [16112] [7411]
  • Hepatoxylon trichiuri (Holten, 1802) [16112]
  • Heteronybelinia estigmena (Dollfus, 1960) [17126]
  • Nybelinia lingualis (Cuvier, 1817) [16112]
  • Otobothrium cysticum (Mayer, 1842) [16112]
  • Phoreiobothrium blissorum Caira, Richmond & Swanson, 2005 [16205]
  • Phoreiobothrium lasium Linton, 1889 [17089] [16101] [15945]
  • Platybothrium cervinum Linton, 1890 [16383] [7384]
  • Platybothrium coshtaprum Healy, 2003 [7384]
  • Platybothrium parvum Linton, 1901 [16408] [7384]
  • Pseudogrillotia perelica (Shuler, 1938) [27172]
  • Pterobothrium heteracanthum Diesing, 1850 [16283] [16112]
  • Synbothrium filicolle Linton, 1889 [17126]
  • Tentacularia coryphaenae Bosc, 1797 [16112]
  • Triloculatum oregontwoae Caira & Jensen, 2009 [7582]
  • Triloculatum triloculatum (Linton, 1901) [7582]

  • Capillaria spinosa Maccallum, 1926 [16960] [4879]
  • Echinocephalus overstreeti Deardorff & Ko, 1983 [21500]
  • Huffmanela carcharhini (Maccallum, 1925) [15715]
  • Huffmanela sp. [9087]

  • Pontobdella macrothela (Schimarda, 1861) [28595]