Centroscymnus coelolepis

BARBOSA DU BOCAGE & DE BRITO CAPELLO, 1864


Portuguese dogfish
Classification: Elasmobranchii Squaliformes Somniosidae

Reference of the original description
BOCAGE, J.V.B.DU. & DE BRITO CAPELLO, F. (1864)
Sur quelques espèces inédites de Squalidae de la tribu Acanthiana Gray, qui fréquentent les côtes du Portugal. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1864: 260–263

Image of the original description

Centroscymnus coelolepis BARBOSA DU BOCAGE & DE BRITO CAPELLO, 1864

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Centrophorus coelolepis, Centroscymnus cf. coelolepis, Centroscymnus coelolepsis, Centroscymnus macrops, Scymnodon melas

Types
Centroscymnus coelolepis
Holotype: MB: T.113 (destroyed by fire in 1978)
Centroscymnus macrops
Holotype: SCSFRI: O0150;
Scymnodon melas
Holotype: MCZ: 37452; Paratype: MCZ: ?;


Description :


Citation: Centroscymnus coelolepis BARBOSA DU BOCAGE & DE BRITO CAPELLO, 1864: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 06/2019

Please send your images of "Centroscymnus coelolepis" to info@shark-references.com

Centroscymnus coelolepis (Barbosa du Bocage & de Brito Capello, 1864), © Claudio Barria, Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Marine Sciences of Barcelona (ICM), Spain. Catsharks, Taurons i Rajades de Catalunya
Common names
deu \(T\) Portugiesenhai, spa Pailona, spa Palluda, spa Rasqueta, spa Tiburón portugués, fra \(T\) Pailona commun, eng Portugese dogfish, eng Portuguese Shark, eng Portuguese dogfish, ita Centroscimno, por Tubarão português, por Xara preta

Short Description
Dorsal fins with very small spines, very short snout, lanceolate upper teeth and bladelike lower teeth with short, oblique cusps, stocky body that does not taper abruptly from pectoral region, very large lateral trunk denticles with smooth, circular, acuspidate crowns in adults and subadults [518]. Uniformly golden brown to dark brown in color [1388].

Distribution
Western Atlantic: Grand Banks to Delaware, USA; Cuba [20078]. Eastern Atlantic: Iceland south along Atlantic slope to the southwestern Cape coast of South Africa; also western Mediterranean. Western Pacific: off Japan, New Zealand, and Australia [1388]. Also occurring in the Western Central Pacific [544]. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: low; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species

Biology
Ovoviviparous [1388], with 13 to 29 young per litter [578]. Born at 27-31 cm [578]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Found almost exclusively on the lower slope of the Catalan Sea, western Mediterranean (Ref. 40720). Found on continental slopes and abyssal plains [1388]; usually in water temperature of 5-13°C (Ref. 5951). Feeds mainly on fishes (including sharks) and cephalopods [1388], also gastropods and cetacean meat [536].

Size / Weight / Age
120 cm TL (male/unsexed; [1388])

Habitat
bathydemersal; marine; depth range 150 - 3700 m [13336], usually 400 - 2000 m [20241]

Dentition
tooth formula (upper/lower): 24-33/17-18 [1131];

Links: SEM-images of teeth

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=1281;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda
Nematoda