Etmopterus spinax

(LINNAEUS, 1758)

Velvet belly lantern shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Squaliformes Etmopteridae

Reference of the original description
LINNÉ, C. (1758)
Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, regnum animale, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus differentiis synonymis, locis. Ed. X., 1: 824 p. Stockholm (L. SALVIUS).

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Etmopterus aculeatus, Etmopterus cf. spinax, Spinax gunneri, Spinax linnei, Spinax niger, Spinax spinax, Spinax vitulinus, Squalus infernus, Squalus niger, Squalus spinax

Etmopterus spinax

Description :

Citation: Etmopterus spinax (LINNAEUS, 1758): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 03/2019

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Etmopterus spinax (LINNAEUS, 1758), © Claudio Barria, Department of Natural Resources, Institute of Marine Sciences of Barcelona (ICM), Spain
Common names
deu \(T\) Kleiner schwarzer Dornhai, deu \(T\) Samtbauchhai, deu \(T\) Schwarzer Dornhai, deu \(T\) Schwarzer Laternenhai, spa Negrito, fra \(T\) Sagre commun, fra \(T\) Épineux de fond, eng Velvet belly, eng Velvet belly lantern shark, eng Velvet belly shark, ita Agugghiú neigru, ita Babbireddu, ita Diavulicchiu di mari, ita Moretto, ita Moru, ita Mugghiarulo, ita Occhio-verde, ita Pesce diavolo, ita Pesce diavulicchio, ita Pesce diavulu, ita Pesce riavulo, ita Sagri nero, ita Sagri" nero, ita Trabantu, ita Ugghiaru, ita Zigrino, por Gata-negra, por Gata-preta, por Lixinha, por Lixinha da fundura, por Lixinha-da-fundura, por Quelmazinha, por Raimudo-pequeno, por Xarinha-preta

Eastern Atlantic: Iceland, Norway, and the western Mediterranean to Morocco, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Côte d"quot;Ivoire to Nigeria, Cameroon to Gabon, Azores, Cape Verde, and Cape Province, South Africa. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: not marketed/unknown; price reliability:

Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Demersal piscivore [20063].

Size / Weight / Age
60.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; [518]); max. published weight: 850 g (Ref. 40637)

bathydemersal; marine; depth range ? - 2490 m (Ref. 55744), usually 200 - 500 m

tooth formula (upper/lower): 11-16/13-20 [1131];

Links: SEM-images of teeth

shark-references Species-ID=2191;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Squalonchocotyle spinacis (GOTTO, 1894) [5150]

  • Anisakis simplex (RUDOLPHI, 1809) [5150] [26433]
  • Hysterothylacium aduncum (RUDOLPHI, 1802) [5150]

  • Lernaeopodina longibrachia (BRIAN, 1912) [16609]
  • Lernaeopodina spinacis (BRIAN, 1912) [16609]

  • Euthynnus alletteratus (RAFINESQUE, 1810) [16609]