Galeocerdo cuvier

(Péron & Lesueur, 1822)

Tiger shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Galeocerdonidae

Reference of the original description
Lesueur, C.A. (1822)
Description of a Squalus, of a very large size, which was taken on the coast of New Jersey. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 2(ser. 1), 343–352

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharias fasciatus, Carcharias hemprichii, Carcharias (Prionodon) fasciatus, Galeocerdo aff. cuvier, Galeocerdo arcticus, Galeocerdo articus, Galeocerdo cf. cuvier, Galeocerdo cuvieri, Galeocerdo fasciatus, Galeocerdo maculatus, Galeocerdo obtusus, Galeocerdo rayneri, Galeocerdo tigrinium, Galeocerdo tigrinus, Galeus cepedianus, Galeus maculatus, Squalus arcticus, Squalus cuvier

Galeocerdo cuvier
XXXX: No types known;
Carcharias hemprichii
Holotype: ZMB: 31641
Carcharias (Prionodon) fasciatus
XXXX: No types known;
Galeocerdo fasciatus
Holotype: USNM: 231757;
Galeocerdo obtusus
Holotype: SMNS: 12141 (orig. 1706);
Galeocerdo rayneri
Syntype: BMNH: ? (whereabouts unknown) (old HMG)
Galeocerdo tigrinus
Syntype: MNHN: 3465 Pondicherry ZMB: 4481
Galeus cepedianus
XXXX: No types known;
Galeus maculatus
Holotype: MZUB: 941
Squalus arcticus
XXXX: No types known;

Description :

Citation: Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & Lesueur, 1822): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 02/2024

Please send your images of "Galeocerdo cuvier" to

Galeocerdo cuvier (Péron & Lesueur, 1822), © FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Ebert, D.A. 2014. On Board Guide for the Identification of Pelagic Sharks and Rays of the Western Indian Ocean. Reproduced with permission, illustration by Marc Dando , Wildlife Illustrator
Common names
deu \(T\) Tigerhai, spa Alecrin, spa Amarillo, spa Cabron, spa Tiburón, spa Tiburón tigre, spa Tigre, spa Tintorera, spa Tintorera tigre, fra \(T\) Mangeur d"hommes, fra \(T\) Requin demoiselle, fra \(T\) Requin tigre, fra \(T\) Requin tigre commun, fra \(T\) Requin-demoiselle, fra \(T\) Requin-tigre, fra \(T\) Requin-tigre commun, eng Leopard shark, eng Maneater shark, eng Spotted shark, eng Tiger shark, eng Tiger-shark, ita Squalo tigre, por Cação, por Cação cabeça-chata, por Cação-jaguara, por Cação-tintureiro, por Gatinha, por Jaguara, por Marracho tigre, por Tigre, por Tintureira, por Tintureiro, por Tubarao-tigre, por Tubarão tigre, por Tubarão-tintureira

Short Description
A huge, vertical tiger-striped shark with a broad, bluntly rounded snout, long upper labial furrows, and a big mouth with large, saw-edged, cockscomb-shaped teeth; spiracles present; caudal keels low [536]. Grey above with vertical dark grey to black bars and spots which appear faded in adults, white below [536].

Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA to Uruguay, including Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. Eastern Atlantic: Iceland to Angola. Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Hawaii and Tahiti, north to southern Japan, south to New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to Peru, including the Revillagigedo, Cocos, and Galapagos islands. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea [20076]. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

Ovoviviparous (Ref. 4805) [1388] with 10-82 in a litter [578]. Mating takes place even before gravid females have given birth [517]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Gestation period: 13-16 months. Size at birth between 51 [517] and 104 [544] cm TL; born at about 51-76 cm TL [2539]. Tiger sharks travel along the continental shelf and farther offshore in rather random fashion. Found worldwide in tropical and temperate seas; a carnivore, pelagic species, occasionally advancing into coastal waters [17641].

Size / Weight / Age
750 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 58784)); max. published weight: 807.4 kg (Ref. 4699); max. reported age: 50 years (Ref. 4827)

benthopelagic; oceanodromous [17660]; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 371 m [17640], usually 0 - ? m (Ref. 55191)

shark-references Species-ID=2307;

placed in the family Galeocerdonidae following White et al. 2017 [25997]; White & Ko’ou 2018 [26233]; Fernando et al. 2019 [27210]; Ebert et al. 2021 [29454]; correct spelling of the family is Galeocerdonidae not Galeocerdidae (see Steyskal 1980 no. 66 page 175 [29455]; Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds) 2021. ESCHMEYER'S CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA, SPECIES, REFERENCES, vers. 04/2021, (

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Petromyzon marinus Linnaeus, 1758 [7209]

  • Ceratomyxa lunata Davis, 1917 [21233]

  • Staphylorchis cymatodes (Johnston, 1913) [11242]
  • Staphylorchis gigas Samuel, 1952 [14121]

  • Echinocephalus overstreeti Deardorff & Ko, 1983 [7404]
  • Echinocephalus sinensis Ko, 1975 [7404]
  • Euterranova galeocerdonis (Thwaite, 1927) [17029]
  • Neoterranova scoliodontis (Baylis, 1931) [7404] [29156]
  • Porrocaecum bengalensis Lakshrni, Rao & Shyamasundari, 1987 [17029]
  • Porrocaecum longispiculurn Lakshmi, Rao & Shyamasundari, 1987 [17029]
  • Terranova brevicapitata (Linton, 1901) [17029] [31368]
  • Terranova nidifex (Linton, 1901) [17029] [31368]