Hypanus americanus

(HILDEBRAND & SCHROEDER, 1928)


Southern stingray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae

Reference of the original description
HILDEBRAND, S.F. & SCHROEDER, W.C. (1928)
Fishes of Chesapeake Bay. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, 43 (1): 1–366

Image of the original description
Image in copyright.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Dasyatis americana, Dasyatis cf. americana

Types
Hypanus americanus

Dasyatis americana
Holotype: USNM: 88378 Paratype: Chesapeake Bay coll.: ?


Description :


Citation: Hypanus americanus (HILDEBRAND & SCHROEDER, 1928): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 04/2019

Please send your images of "Hypanus americanus" to info@shark-references.com

Hypanus americanus (HILDEBRAND & SCHROEDER, 1928), off Jacksonville, Florida, © Jason C. Seitz, ANAMAR Environmental Consulting, Inc.
Common names
deu \(T\) Peitschenrochen, deu \(T\) Stechrochen, spa Pastinaca, spa Raya, spa Raya americana, spa Raya látigo, spa Raya látigo blanca, spa Raya verde, spa Rayalatigo americana, spa Rayalátigo arrecifal, fra \(T\) Pastenague américaine, eng Kit, eng Southern stingray, eng Stingaree, eng Stingray, eng Whip stingray, ita Pastinaca, ita Trigono, por Arraia, por Raia-cravadora, por Raia-lixa, por Raia-prego

Short Description
Disk has sharp outer corners and irregular row of short spines on upper surface [17659]. Disk usually uniform dark brown above, grayer in young. Ventral finfold on tail long and high, dorsal finfold absent [17658]. Upper surface of disc gray, dark or olivaceous brown or olive green. Lower surface of disc white or whitish with an edging of gray or brown [199].

Distribution
Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to southern Brazil, including the Antilles (Ref. 3168). Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

Biology
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Male mounts on female dorsally [1658]. Found on sandy bottoms, seagrass beds, lagoons and the reef face [1658]. Common in bays and estuaries [17658]. Observed singly, in pairs and in aggregations [1658]. Buries in the sand during the day and forages at night, usually in seagrass beds [1658]. Feeds mainly on bivalves and worms and also takes shrimps, crabs and small fishes (Ref. 3168). Omnivore (Ref. 57616). Feeds by creating depressions in the sand to expose invertebrates and small fishes (Ref. 9710). Equipped with a well-developed serrated spine and capable of inflicting a painful laceration. Easily approached by divers (Ref. 9710).

Size / Weight / Age
200 cm WD (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3168)); max. published weight: 135.6 kg (Ref. 40637)

Habitat
reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 53 m [2445], usually ? - 4 m (Ref. 55205)

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=14624;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Monogenea
Cestoda
Isopoda
  • Excorallana tricornis (HANSEN, 1890) [23898] [19909]
  • Rocinela signata SCHIOEDTE & MEINERT, 1879 [19909]

Hirudinea