Pastinachus sephen

(FORSSKÅL, 1775)


Cowtail stingray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Dasyatidae

Reference of the original description
FORSKÅL, P. (1775)
Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Hauniae. Descriptiones animalium quae in itinere ad Maris Australis terras per annos 1772 1773 et 1774 suscepto, ...: 1–20 + i–xxxiv + 1–164, map. [Pisces on pp. x–xix and 22–76.

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Dasyatis gruveli, Dasyatis sephen, Dasyatis (Pastinachus) sephen, Dasybatus sephen, Dasybatus (Pastinachus) gruveli, Himantura fluviatilis, Hypolophus sephen, Pastinachus cf. sephen, Pastinachus gruveli, Raia fluviatilis, Raia sancur, Raia sephen, Raja fluviatilis, Raja sancur, Raja sephen, Raja wolga tenkee, Trygon fluviatilis, Trygon sephen, Trygon wolgatenkee, Trygon wolgatzuke, Trygon (Hypolophus) sephen

Types
Pastinachus sephen

Dasybatus (Pastinachus) gruveli
Holotype: MNHN: 1922-0076;


Description :


Citation: Pastinachus sephen (FORSSKÅL, 1775): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 05/2019

Please send your images of "Pastinachus sephen" to info@shark-references.com

Pastinachus sephen (FORSSKÅL, 1775), Kakinada Bay, Bay of Bengal on East coast of India; © Dr. Padmavathi Devarapalli, FishBase Collaborator 1675, Kakinada-533003, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA
Common names
fra \(T\) Pastenague plumetée, eng Banana-tail ray, eng Cowtail ray, eng Cowtail stingray, eng Cowtail-ray, eng Drab stingray, eng Fantail ray, eng Fantail stingray, eng Fantail-ray, eng Feathertail stingray, eng Frill tailed sting ray, eng Guergunna, eng Sting ray, eng Weralli

Short Description
A large, plain, dark stingray with an angular snout and pectoral disc; tail long and broad-based, less than twice body length, and with no upper caudal finfold but with high lower caudal finfold- 2 to 3 times depth of tail but not reaching tail tip; no large thorns; 1 or 2 long stings on tail, further behind tail base than in most stingrays; unique hexagonal, high-crowned teeth [536]. Dark brown or black dorsally without conspicuous markings, white ventrally [536]. Tail black [20091].

Distribution
Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Persian Gulf and South Africa to Micronesia, north to Japan, south to Melanesia and the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819). Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial; price category: low; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family

Biology
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Size at birth ~ 18 cm WD [2539].

Size / Weight / Age
183 cm WD (male/unsexed; (Ref. 37816))

Habitat
reef-associated; amphidromous [17660]; freshwater; brackish; marine; depth range ? - 60 m [1388]

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=4763;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Monogenea
Cestoda
  • Acanthobothrium bengalense BAER & EUZET, 1962 [16175] [16448]
  • Acanthobothrium chabahariense MALEKI, MALEK & RASTGOO, 2018 [27144]
  • Acanthobothrium chisholmae CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002 [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium coronatum (RUDOLPHI, 1819) VAN BENEDEN, 1850 [17089]
  • Acanthobothrium dujardinii VAN BENEDEN, 1849 [16448]
  • Acanthobothrium gasseri CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002 [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium guptai SHINDE & BHAGWAN, 2002 [16396]
  • Acanthobothrium jalalii MALEKI, MALEK & PALM, 2013 [20115]
  • Acanthobothrium laurenbrownae CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002 [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium manteri HASSAN, 1983 [9802]
  • Acanthobothrium nanogravidum ZSCHOCHE, CAIRA & FYLER, 2011 [14444]
  • Acanthobothrium semnovesiculum VERMA, 1928 [16175] [16448] [16128]
  • Acanthobothrium sphaera MALEKI, MALEK & PALM, 2013 [20115]
  • Acanthobothrium walkeri CAMPBELL & BEVERIDGE, 2002 [16128]
  • Aloculibothrium dasyatii MANNA & MANNA, 2018 [26864]
  • Anthemobothrium pulchrum SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906 [16338]
  • Balanobothrium shamraoi JADHAV & SHINDE, 1982 [16329]
  • Balanobothrium trygoni GUPTA & PARMAR, 1987 [19897]
  • Carpobothrium shindei HIWARE, JADHAV, SHINDE & KADAM, 1999 [16221]
  • Caulobothrium sp. [16908]
  • Cephalobothrium alii JADHAV & JADHAV, 1993 [16335]
  • Cephalobothrium singhi JADHAV & JADHAV, 1993 [16335]
  • Cephalobothrium trygoni SHINDE & SOLUNKE, 1986 [16239]
  • Dollfusiella michiae (SOUTHWELL, 1929) [16252] [16112]
  • Dollfusiella qeshmiensis HASELI & PALM, 2015 [23033]
  • Dollfusiella sp. [15730]
  • Echeneibothrium smitii SHINDE, DESHMUKH & JADHAV, 1981 [9380]
  • Echeneibothrium trygoni SHINDE & BHAGWAN, 2001 [16395]
  • Echinobothrium deeghai GUPTA & PARMAR, 1988 [16320] [16430] [19536]
  • Eniochobothrium trygonis CINCHOLIKAR & SHINDE, 1978 [9380]
  • Eutetrarhynchus leucomelanus (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906) [16252] [16112]
  • Eutetrarhynchus platycephali PALM, 2004 [15730]
  • Flapocephalus saurashtri SHINDE & DESHMUKH, 1979 [16229]
  • Flapocephalus trygonis DESHMUKH, 1979 [16228] [16338]
  • Halysioncum reginae (KUCHTA & CAIRA, 2010) [12201]
  • Halysiorhynchus macrocephalus (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906) [16112] [15747] [15730]
  • Hexacanalis indirajii MURLIDHAR, 1986 [16362]
  • Kotorella pronosoma (STOSSICH, 1901) [16112]
  • Kowsalyabothrium sepheni JADHAV, SHINDE & JADHAV, 1992 [16336]
  • Lecanicephalum maharashtrae CHINCHOLIKAR & SHINDE, 1978 [16208]
  • Lecanicephalum ratnagiriensis HIWARE & JADHAV, 1999 [16222]
  • Mecistobothrium johnstonei (SOUTHWELL, 1929) [16256] [16112] [15747] [16972]
  • Mecistobothrium obese (SOUTHWELL, 1929) [16112]
  • Mixophyllobothrium okamuri SHINDE & CHINCHOLIKAR, 1980 [16232]
  • Oncodiscus sauridae YAMAGUTI, 1934 [16331]
  • Parachristianella baverstocki BEVERIDGE, 1990 [15747] [16972]
  • Parachristianella indonesiensis PALM, 2004 [16112] [16972] [15730] [19555] [23785] [25611]
  • Parachristianella monomegacantha KRUSE, 1959 [16252] [16112] [15730] [19555] [25611]
  • Phyllobothrium pammicrum SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906 [16443]
  • Phyllobothrium trygoni JADHAV, 1985 [16238]
  • Pithophorus trygoni JADHAV, SHINDE & JADHAV, 1992 [16337]
  • Polypocephalus maharashtra DESHMUKH, JADHAV & SHINDE, 1982 [16301]
  • Polypocephalus pratibhai DESHMUKH, JADHAV & SHINDE, 1982 [16301]
  • Polypocephalus thapari SHINDE & JADHAV, 1981 [16164]
  • Prochristianella butlerae BEVERIDGE, 1990 [16252] [16112] [16112] [16972] [15730] [17404] [25611]
  • Prochristianella clarkeae BEVERIDGE, 1990 [25136] [25611]
  • Prochristianella garshaspi HASELI, 2013 [19555]
  • Prochristianella odonoghuei BEVERIDGE, 1990 [16252] [16112]
  • Prochristianella sp. [15730]
  • Sephenicephalum maharashtrii SHINDE, SARWADE & JADHAV, 1980 [16338]
  • Shirleyrhynchus aetobatidis (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906) BEVERIDGE & CAMPBELL, 1988 [16112]
  • Shirleyrhynchus butlerae BEVERIDGE & CAMPBELL, 1988 [17838] [24246]
  • Tetragonocephalum alii DESHMUKH & SHINDE, 1979 [16298]
  • Tetragonocephalum bhagawatii SHINDE, MOHEKAR & JADHAV, 1985 [16168]
  • Tetragonocephalum kazemii AMINJAN & MASOUMEH, 2017 [25347]
  • Tetragonocephalum mackenziei AMINJAN & MASOUMEH, 2017 [25347]
  • Tetragonocephalum sephensis DESHMUKH & SHINDE, 1979 [16298]
  • Tetragonocephalum shipleyi SHINDE, MOHEKAR & JADHAV, 1985 [16168]
  • Tetrarhynchobothrium sp. [15747]
  • Trygonicephalum ratnagiriensis SHINDE & JADHAV, 1984 [16218]
  • Trygonicola macroporus (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906) [15730]
  • Tylocephalum bombayensis JADHAV, 1983 [16237]
  • Tylocephalum madhukarii CHINCHOLIKAR & SHINDE, 1980 [16230]
  • Uncibilocularis bombayensis JADHAV, SHINDE & PHAD, 1984 [16332] [16092]
  • Uncibilocularis loreni JENSEN & CAIRA, 2008 [16092]
  • Uncibilocularis okei JENSEN & CAIRA, 2008 [16092]
  • Uncibilocularis thapari DESHMUKH, 1979 [16295] [16233]
  • Uncibilocularis trygonis (SHIPLEY & HORNELL, 1906) [16408] [17089] [16448] [16092]

Nematoda
Hirudinea