Rhinochimaera atlantica

HOLT & BYRNE, 1909


Spearnose chimaera
Classification: Holocephali Chimaeriformes Rhinochimaeridae

Reference of the original description
HOLT, E.W.L. & BYRNE, L.W. (1909)
Preliminary note on some fishes from the Irish Atlantic slope. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Series 8), 3: 279–280

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Harriotta atlantica

Types
Rhinochimaera atlantica
Holotype: BMNH: 1910.9.17.4


Description :


Citation: Rhinochimaera atlantica HOLT & BYRNE, 1909: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 10/2020

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Common names
spa Chimère nez lance, spa Narigón sierra, spa Quimeras elefante, fra \(T\) Chimère couteau, fra \(T\) Chimère à nez mou, eng Atlantic knife-nose chimaera, eng Knifenose chimaera, eng Spearnose chimaera, eng Straightnose rabbitfish

Short Description
A longnose chimaera with a narrow, moderately flattened, pointed snout and smooth, sharp-edged tooth plates; pectoral fins narrow, and caudal fin with very short terminal filament and wide-spaced tubercles on upper edge (in adults and large juveniles) [536]. Whitish to light brown in color [536].

Distribution
Northwest to Northeast Atlantic, and Southeast Atlantic: Antitropical. Eastern Atlantic: northern Bay of Biscay northward to Iceland, including the Iceland-Faroes Rise [7182]; off Cayar and Cape Barbas in Western Sahara, off Namibia and South Africa (Ref. 4444). Western Atlantic: off Nova Scotia, Canada and New England, USA [7182]. Source: www.gbif.org

Biology
Oviparous [17086]. Benthopelagic, occurs in 529-1100 m depth (Ref. 58744). Found on or near the bottom of continental slopes [536]. Forms groups according to sex and size [536]. Feeds on shrimps and crabs [20206].

Size / Weight / Age
140 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4444))

Habitat
bathydemersal; marine; depth range 500 - 1500 m (Ref. 4444)

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=6052;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda
  • Chimaerocestos prudhoei WILLIAMS & BRAY, 1984 [16449]