Rhinochimaera atlantica

Holt & Byrne, 1909


Spearnose chimaera
Classification: Holocephali Chimaeriformes Rhinochimaeridae

Reference of the original description
Holt, E.W.L. & Byrne, L.W. (1909)
Preliminary note on some fishes from the Irish Atlantic slope. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Series 8), 3, 279–280

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Harriotta atlantica

Types
Rhinochimaera atlantica
Holotype: BMNH: 1910.9.17.4


Description :


Citation: Rhinochimaera atlantica Holt & Byrne, 1909: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 07/2022

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Common names
spa Chimère nez lance, spa Narigón sierra, spa Quimeras elefante, fra \(T\) Chimère couteau, fra \(T\) Chimère à nez mou, eng Atlantic knife-nose chimaera, eng Knifenose chimaera, eng Spearnose chimaera, eng Straightnose rabbitfish

Short Description
A longnose chimaera with a narrow, moderately flattened, pointed snout and smooth, sharp-edged tooth plates; pectoral fins narrow, and caudal fin with very short terminal filament and wide-spaced tubercles on upper edge (in adults and large juveniles) [536]. Whitish to light brown in color [536].

Distribution
Northwest to Northeast Atlantic, and Southeast Atlantic: Antitropical. Eastern Atlantic: northern Bay of Biscay northward to Iceland, including the Iceland-Faroes Rise [7182]; off Cayar and Cape Barbas in Western Sahara, off Namibia and South Africa (Ref. 4444). Western Atlantic: off Nova Scotia, Canada and New England, USA [7182]. Source: www.gbif.org

Biology
Oviparous [17086]. Benthopelagic, occurs in 529-1100 m depth (Ref. 58744). Found on or near the bottom of continental slopes [536]. Forms groups according to sex and size [536]. Feeds on shrimps and crabs [20206].

Size / Weight / Age
140 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4444))

Habitat
bathydemersal; marine; depth range 500 - 1500 m (Ref. 4444)

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=6052;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Cestoda
  • Chimaerocestos prudhoei Williams & Bray, 1984 [16449]