Rhizoprionodon terraenovae

(RICHARDSON, 1836)


Atlantic sharpnose shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae

Reference of the original description
RICHARDSON, J. (1836)
The Fish. In: Fauna Boreali–Americana; or the zoology of the northern parts of British America: containing descriptions of the objects of natural history collected on the late northern land expeditions, under the command of Sir John Franklin, R.N. Fauna Boreali–Americana; or the zoology of the northern parts of British America: ... Part 3: i–xv + 1–327, Pls. 74–97

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharhinus terrae-novae, Carcharias terraenovae, Carcharias (Scoliodon) terrae-novae, Lamna terrae-novae, Rhizoprionodon aff. terranovae, Rhizoprionodon cf. terra-novae, Rhizoprionodon terrae-novae, Rhizoprionodon terraenova, Rhizoprionodon terraenovae, Rhizoprionodon terranovae, Rhizoprionodon (Rhizoprionodon) terraenovae, Rhizoprionodon (Scoliodon) terraenovae, Scoliodon terra-novae, Scoliodon terrae novae, Scoliodon terrae-novae, Scoliodon terraenovae, Squalus terraenovae, Squalus (Carcharias) terraenovae

Types
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae



Description :


Citation: Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (RICHARDSON, 1836): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 12/2018

Please send your images of "Rhizoprionodon terraenovae" to info@shark-references.com

Rhizoprionodon terraenovae (RICHARDSON, 1836), © Andy Murch Elasmodiver
Common names
spa Cazón, spa Cazón chino, spa Cazón de ley, spa Cazón de playa, spa Cazón picudo atlántico, spa Tollito, spa Tollo hocicón, fra \(T\) Chien de mer, fra \(T\) Requin aiguille gussi, fra \(T\) Requin à nez pointu, eng Atlantic Sharpnose Shark, eng Atlantic sharp-nosed shark, eng Newfoundland shark, eng Sharp-nosed shark, eng White shark, ita Squalo di Terranuova, por Bicudo, por Cação-alecrim, por Cação-alegrim, por Cação-anjo, por Cação-bicudo, por Cação-de-bico-doce, por Cação-fidalgo, por Cação-frango, por Cucuri, por Frango, por Tubarao-terranova, por Tubarão frango

Short Description
Diagnostic Features: Prenarial snout 3.6 to 4.5% of total length; upper labial furrows long, 1.6 to 2.2% of total length; total count of enlarged hyomandibular pores on both sides of head just behind mouth angle usually over 16 (8 to 18 per side); teeth serrate in adults; teeth not differentiated in males and females; total tooth rows usually 25/24. First dorsal origin usually over or slightly in front of pectoral free rear tips; second dorsal origin ranges from above anal midbase to just in front of its insertion; pectoral anterior margin usually longer than first dorsal length from origin to free rear tip; adpressed pectoral apex reaching behind first third of first dorsal base. Posterior monospondylous precaudal centra enlarged; precaudal centra less numerous than caudals, precaudals 58 to 66, total centra 126 to 144. Size moderate, males maturing over 64 cm total length. Colour grey or grey-brown, white below, large specimens with small light spots, pectorals with white margins, dorsals with dusky tips. [517]

Distribution
Western Atlantic: New Brunswick, Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. Southwest Atlantic: coasts of Brazil. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: subsistence fisheries; gamefish: yes

Biology
Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Viviparous, placental [733]. 1 to 7 young per litter. Larger females carry more young. Size at birth 29-37 cm. Gestation period is 10 to 11 months in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Sex ratio of near term fetuses is 1:1 [517].

Size / Weight / Age
110 cm NG (male/unsexed; (Ref. 37512)); 110 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 7,250 g (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 6140)

Habitat
demersal; brackish; marine; depth range 10 - 280 m [17659], usually ? - 10 m (Ref. 55195)

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=6124;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Myxosporea
  • Ceratomyxa abbreviata (DAVIS, 1917) [21233]
  • Ceratomyxa attenuata DAVIS, 1917 [21233]
  • Ceratomyxa sphairophora DAVIS, 1917 [21233]
  • Ceratomyxa taenia JAMESON, 1931 [21233]

Monogenea
Cestoda
  • Anthobothrium laciniatum LINTON, 1890 [17126]
  • Anthobothrium sp. [16909]
  • Calliobothrium sp. [17126]
  • Callitetrarhynchus gracilis (RUDOLPHI, 1819) PINTNER, 1931 [16112]
  • Clistobothrium tumidum (LINTON, 1922) [16171] [16443]
  • Dasyrhynchus giganteus (DIESING 1850) PINTNER 1929 [5977] [16112]
  • Echeneibothrium flexile (LINTON, 1890) [17126]
  • Heteronybelinia estigmena (DOLLFUS, 1960) [17126]
  • Nybelinia fayapaulazariahi REIMER, 1980 [25154]
  • Nybelinia jayapaulazariahi REIMER, 1980 [16112]
  • Nybelinia sp. [16112]
  • Otobothrium cysticum (MAYER, 1842) [17852] [16112]
  • Otobothrium insigne LINTON, 1905 [17826]
  • Otobothrium penetrans LINTON, 1907 [16171] [16112]
  • Paraorygmatobothrium angustum (LINTON, 1889) RUHNKE, 2011 [17126]
  • Paraorygmatobothrium sp. [16909]
  • Phoreiobothrium lasium LINTON, 1889 [17126]
  • Phoreiobothrium sp. [16909]
  • Platybothrium hypoprioni POTTER, 1937 [16171]
  • Poecilancistrium caryophyllum (DIESING, 1850) DOLLFUS, 1929 [16112]
  • Pterobothrium heteracanthum DIESING, 1850 [16112]
  • Rhynchobothrium plicatum LINTON, 1905 [17126]
  • Triloculatum triloculatum (LINTON, 1901) [17126] [16408]

Trematoda
Nematoda
  • Huffmanela markgracei RUIZ & BULLARD, 2013 [19638]

Copepoda
  • Kroeyerina deetsorum BENZ, SMITH & BULLARD, 2001 [7592]
  • Perissopus dentatus STEENSTRUP & LÜTKEN, 1861 [16589]
  • Tripaphylus ferox (WILSON, 1919) [25960]