Scyliorhinus stellaris

(LINNAEUS, 1758)


Nursehound
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Scyliorhinidae

Reference of the original description
LINNÉ, C. (1758)
Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, regnum animale, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus differentiis synonymis, locis. Ed. X., 1: 824 p. Stockholm (L. SALVIUS).

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Catulus stellaris, Galeus stellaris, Poroderma stellare, Scylliorhinus catulus, Scylliorhinus stellare, Scylliorhinus stellaris, Scyllium acanthonotum, Scyllium catulus, Scyllium stellare, Scyllium stellaris, Scyllium stellarius, Squalus stellario, Squalus stellaris

Types
Scyliorhinus stellaris



Description :


Citation: Scyliorhinus stellaris (LINNAEUS, 1758): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 02/2019

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Scyliorhinus stellaris (LINNAEUS, 1758), © FAO, www.fish-base.org
Common names
deu \(T\) Großer Katzenhai, deu \(T\) Großgefleckter Katzenhai, deu \(T\) Hundshai, deu \(T\) Katzenhai, deu \(T\) Pantherhai, spa Alitán, spa Breka, spa Cazó nazopado, spa Gat, spa Gat vayre, spa Gata, spa Gatet, spa Gato marino, spa Gatvayra, spa Gatún, spa Lija, spa Lixa, spa Moma, spa Momarra, spa Muxina, spa Patarroxa, spa Pintarroja, spa Pitarrosa, spa Renuda, fra \(T\) Chat-rochier, fra \(T\) Gat rouquin, fra \(T\) Grande roussette, fra \(T\) Roussette, fra \(T\) Roussette à grandes taches, eng Bull huss, eng Dogfish, eng Flake, eng Flake catfish, eng Greate-spotted dogfish, eng Greater spotted dogfish, eng Hound, eng Large-spotted dogfish, eng Larger spotted dogfish, eng Nurse, eng Nurse-hound, eng Nursehound, eng Rigg, ita Attupardu, ita Barbe, ita Barde, ita Diobarda, ita Gata nostrana, ita Gata sciava, ita Gatta d"argua, ita Gattopardo, ita Gattu di mari, ita Gattu steddari, ita Gattubardu, ita Gattuccio, ita Gattuccio maggiore, ita Gattucia, ita Gattupardu, ita Gattuso, ita Grande rosetta, ita Jattaredda, ita Jattefarre, ita Jattolla, ita Jattupaddu "i rocca, ita Jattuparda, ita Jattupardu, ita Labardu, ita Liobardo, ita Sgatto, ita Squalo gattopardo, por Gata, por Pata-roxa-gata, por Pata-roxa-grande, por Patarroxa-gata, por Patarroxa-grande

Short Description
A large, fairly stocky, catshark with large and small black spots and sometimes white spots covering dorsal surface, saddle markings obsolete, small anterior nasal flaps that do not reach the mouth, no nasoral grooves, labial furrows on lower jaw only, second dorsal fin much smaller than first [517]

Distribution
Northeast Atlantic: Shetlands (rare), southern Scandinavia and British Isles to Morocco, including the Mediterranean. Distribution southward of this range is uncertain. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums; price category: medium; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species

Biology
Oviparous, with a single egg per oviduct [517]. Embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Size at hatching about 16 cm [517].

Size / Weight / Age
170 cm TL (male/unsexed; [20084]); max. reported age: 19 years (Ref. 72467)

Habitat
reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 400 m [17657], usually 20 - 63 m [517]

Remarks
shark-references Species-ID=6363;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
Monogenea
Cestoda
Nematoda
  • Acanthocheilus rotundatus (RUDOLPHI, 1819) [17029]
  • Capillaria sp. [19885]
  • Proleptus obtusus DUJARDIN, 1845 [19885]

Copepoda
  • Lernaeopoda galei KRØYER, 1837 [16609]

Isopoda
  • Ceratothoa oxyrrynchaena (KOELBEL, 1878) [23898]
  • Conilera cylindracea (MONTAGU, 1804) [23898]