Squatina squatina

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Classification: Elasmobranchii Squatiniformes Squatinidae

Reference of the original description
Linné, C. (1758)
Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, regnum animale, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus differentiis synonymis, locis. Ed. X., 1: 824 p. Stockholm(L. SALVIUS).

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Rhina squatina, Squalus squatina, Squatina angelina, Squatina angelus, Squatina angelus GRONOW 1854, Squatina europaea, Squatina laevis, Squatina lewis, Squatina vulgaris

Squatina squatina

Squatina angelus
XXXX: No types known;
Squatina angelus GRONOW 1854
Syntype: BMNH: 1853.11.12.207 (Gronovius coll.)
Squatina europaea
XXXX: No types known;
Squatina laevis
XXXX: No types known;
Squatina vulgaris
XXXX: No types known;

Description :

Citation: Squatina squatina (Linnaeus, 1758): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 03/2023

Please send your images of "Squatina squatina" to info@shark-references.com

Squatina squatina (Linnaeus, 1758), ERB 1029, male, 139, 5 cm TL, United Kingdom © Frederik H. Mollen (Elasmobranch Research Belgium)
Common names
deu \(T\) Chagrin, deu \(T\) Engelhai, deu \(T\) Europäischer Meerengel, deu \(T\) Gemeiner Meerengel, deu \(T\) Gemeiner Meerengelm, deu \(T\) Meerengel, spa Angel, spa Angelino, spa Angelot, spa Angelote, spa Escat, spa Eskat común, spa Guitarra, spa Mennejuela, spa Pardón, spa Peje ángel, spa Peje-ángel, spa Pez ángel, spa Vexigall, spa Zabalera, fra \(T\) Ange de mer, fra \(T\) Ange de mer commun, fra \(T\) Angelot, fra \(T\) Boudroie, fra \(T\) Bourget peisange, fra \(T\) Martrame, fra \(T\) Peau de chagrin, fra \(T\) Peï-angi, eng Angel, eng Angel fiddle fish, eng Angel puffy fish, eng Angel ray, eng Angel shark, eng Angelfish, eng Angelshark, eng Escat jueu, eng Fiddle fish, eng Monk, eng Monkfish, eng Shagreen, ita Angelo, ita Angelo di mare, ita Angeo, ita Anzolo, ita Cenericu, ita Pesce angelo, ita Pesce squadro, ita Pesciu angiou, ita Pisci squadru, ita Sagrin, ita Squadre, ita Squadre "e rena, ita Squadro, ita Squadro pelle nera, ita Squadru, ita Squadru lisciu, ita Squadru monicu, ita Squaena, ita Squalena, ita Squalo angelo, por Anjo, por Cacao-anjo, Xkatlu komuni (malta)

Short Description
No ocelli on body [518].

Northeast Atlantic: southern Norway, Sweden and Shetland Islands to Morocco and West Sahara, including the Canary Islands and the Mediterranean. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Size at birth about 24 to 30 cm, with 9-20 young in a litter [518].

Size / Weight / Age
183 cm TL (male/unsexed; [518]); 244 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 80.0 kg [20241]

demersal; oceanodromous [17660]; marine; depth range ? - 150 m [518]

shark-references Species-ID=6948;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Pseudocotyle squatinae Van Beneden & Hesse, 1865 [15273]
  • Sprostonia squatinae (Maccallum, 1921) [16352]

  • Paranisakis squatinae Baylis, 1923 [21225] [17029]
  • Pulchrascaris caballeroi Vicente & Dos Santos, 1972 [17029]

  • Aega rosacea (Risso, 1816) (nomen nudum) [23898]
  • Aegapheles deshaysiana (Milne Edwards, 1840) [23869]
  • Anilocra physodes (Linnaeus, 1758) [23898]