Isurus oxyrinchus

Rafinesque, 1810

Shortfin mako
Classification: Elasmobranchii Lamniformes Lamnidae

Reference of the original description
Rafinesque, C.S. (1810)
Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e pinate della Sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra i medisimi, lère partie. (Part 1 involves fishes, pp. [i–iv] 3–69 [70 blank], Part 2 with slightly different title, pp. ia–iva + 71–105 [106 blank])

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Anotodus supraoligocaenus, Carcharias tigris, Cosmopolitodus hastalis supraoligocaena, Isuropsis dekayi, Isuropsis glauca, Isuropsis mako, Isuropsis oxyrinchus, Isurus aff. oxyrinchus, Isurus africanus, Isurus bideni, Isurus cepedii, Isurus cf. oxyrhinchus, Isurus cf. oxyrhynchus, Isurus cf. oxyrinchus, Isurus cf. spallanzani, Isurus dekayi, Isurus glauca, Isurus guentheri, Isurus guntheri, Isurus güntheri, Isurus hastalis supraoligocaena, Isurus mako, Isurus oxyrhinchus, Isurus oxyrhincus, Isurus oxyrhynchus, Isurus punctatus, Isurus spallanzani, Isurus spallanzanii, Isurus tigris, Isurus tigris africanus, Isurus tigris mako, Isurus tigris tigris, Isurus (Isurus) glaucas, Lamna glauca, Lamna güntheri, Lamna huidobrii, Lamna latro, Lamna oxyrhina, Lamna punctata, Lamna punctatus, Lamna spallanzanii, Lamna (Oxyrhina) spallanzanii, Oxyrhina dekayi, Oxyrhina glauca, Oxyrhina gomphodon, Oxyrhina oxyrhynchus, Oxyrhina punctata, Oxyrhina spallanzanii, Oxyrrhina glauca, Squalus cepedii, Squalus (Lamna) cepedii

Isurus oxyrinchus
XXXX: No types known;
Carcharias tigris
XXXX: No types known;
Isuropsis dekayi
XXXX: No types known;
Isurus bideni
Holotype: AMS: IA.4311; AMS: IA.4311.001;
Isurus mako
XXXX: No types known;
Isurus spallanzani
XXXX: No types known;
Isurus tigris africanus
Holotype: SAIAB: 426
Lamna huidobrii
Holotype: DBCUCH: ? (possibly lost)
Lamna oxyrhina
XXXX: No types known;
Lamna punctatus
Holotype: XXXX: No types known;
Oxyrhina glauca
Lectotype: RMNH: 2529 Paralectotype: RMNH: 2533 RMNH: 2587
Oxyrhina gomphodon
Holotype: ZMB: 4528

Description :

Citation: Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 04/2024

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Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810, © FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Ebert, D.A. 2014. On Board Guide for the Identification of Pelagic Sharks and Rays of the Western Indian Ocean. Reproduced with permission, illustration by Marc Dando , Wildlife Illustrator
Common names
deu \(T\) Blauhai, deu \(T\) Kurzflossen-Mako, deu \(T\) Kurzflossen-Makohai, deu \(T\) Mako, deu \(T\) Makohai, deu \(T\) Makrelenhai, spa Atunero, spa Cane de mare, spa Carito, spa Dentuda, spa Dentuse, spa Diamante, spa Dientuse, spa Dientuso, spa Dientuso azul, spa Janequín, spa Maco, spa Mako, spa Marrajo, spa Marrajo dientuso, spa Moro, spa Pesce tondo, spa Tiburon carite, spa Tiburón, spa Tiburón azujelo, spa Tiburón bonito, spa Tiburón carito, spa Tiburón marrajo, spa Tinto, fra \(T\) Bleu pointu, fra \(T\) Lamie, fra \(T\) Mako, fra \(T\) Marache, fra \(T\) Requin bleu, fra \(T\) Requin maquereau, fra \(T\) Requin taupe bleu, fra \(T\) Requin-taupe bleu, fra \(T\) Taupe bleu, fra \(T\) Taupe bleue, eng Atlantic mako, eng Blue pointer, eng Blue shark, eng Bonito shark, eng Dog shark, eng Mackerel porbeagle, eng Mackerel shark, eng Mako, eng Mako shark, eng Moro shark, eng Pointed nose shark, eng Sharp-nose mackerel shark, eng Sharp-nosed mackerel shark, eng Sharp-nosed shark, eng Sharpnose mackerel shark, eng Shortfin mako, eng Shortfin shark, eng Snapper shark, ita Cagna, ita Cagnizzo, ita Canesca, ita Cani di mari, ita Caniscu, ita Cranicia, ita Mako, ita Meanto, ita Muanto, ita Ossirina, ita Pisci tunnu, ita Squalo mako, ita Tunnu palamitu, por Anequim, por Anequin barbatana curta, por Cação-anequim, por Cação-atum, por Cação-atun, por Cação-moro, por Mako, por Marracho, por Marracho-azul, por Peixe-ruim, por Rinquim, por Sombreiro, por Tubarao-anequim, por Tubarão-sombreiro, Pixxitondu (malta)

Short Description
A large, spindle-shaped shark with large black eyes, a sharp snout, and large, narrow, hooked teeth with smooth edges [536]. Caudal fin lunate, lower lobe strongly developed [20050]. Dark blue above, white below (Ref. 6581). Tiny second dorsal and anal fins [17659].
Diet: [22906] (Atlantic, between the Azores Archipelago and the Iberian Peninsula; n=149): teleosts (~66% of the total number of individual prey) and especially by Atlantic saury (Scomberesox saurus) (Biton Porsmoguer et al. 2013, 2014). The other prey items were crustaceans, cephalopods and sea turtles, and marine mammals (short-beaked common dolphins Delphinus delphis or a striped dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba)

Cosmopolitan in temperate and tropical seas [1388] [20054]. Western Atlantic: Gulf of Maine to southern Brazil and Argentina [5839], including the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean. Eastern Atlantic: Norway to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Hawaii, north to Primorskiy Kray (Russian Federation), south to Australia and New Zealand. Eastern Pacific: south of Aleutian Islands and from southern California, USA to Chile.
First records: 2013: Bay of Saroz (NE Aegean Sea) [20134]; Source:

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding on other ova produced by the mother (oophagy) after the yolk sac is absorbed [733]. With up to 18 young in a litter [578]. Gives birth to litters of 4-25 (usually 10-18) pups after a gestation period of 15-18 months; reproduces every 3 years [2539]. Size at birth between 60 and 70 cm [518]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154).

Size / Weight / Age
400 cm TL (male/unsexed; [20050]); max. published weight: 505.8 kg (Ref. 4699); max. reported age: 25 years [1937]

pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous [17660]; marine; depth range 0 - 740 m [578], usually 100 - 150 m (Ref. 36731)

shark-references Species-ID=3294; CITES: (see: Protected Species for more details) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Speciesof Wild Fauna and Flora annex: II; Council Regulation 2017/160 annex: B

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Hyperandrotrema walterboegeri Orélis-Ribeiro & Bullard, 2013 [19641] [28146]

  • Anilocra elviae Winfield, Alvarez & Ortiz, 2002 [19911]

  • Simenchelys parasitica Gill, 1879 [6888]